Chinese Herbology Study Guide II

come back again. Work in progress. last update: 1-18-2016

Part II in a series for self-study:

Part I of Herbology Study Guide

**Please do not use these herbs without guidance from a licensed practitioner.**
These are only for study. For instance Ma Huang is illegal in the USA and was used in diet pills and thus someone had to take a lot and died. Herbs are used in FORMULAS with other herbs to balance the potency. Some are used in cooking however. Please use caution. This is my online guide for students of Chinese Medicine.

Study forms for students you can download (rt. click “save as”):


Herbs that cool and transform Phlegm-Heat

These herbs are used in cases where there is phlegm heat, and dry-phlegm patterns. Coughs are key indicators, but also goiters, convulsions, scrofula as well.

Chuan Bei Mu- Tendrilled Fritillaria Bulb
Dan Nan Xing- jack-in-the-pulpit Rhizome
Fu Hai Shi- pumice
Gua Lou- Trichosanthes fruit
Gou Lou Pi- Trichosanthes peel
Gua Lou Ren- Trichosanthes seeds
Ge Qiao- Clam shell
Hai Zao- seaweed
Kun Bu- kelp
Pang Da Hai- Boat sterculia seed
Qian Hu- Hogfennel root
Tian Hua Fen- Trichosanthes root
Tian Zhu Huang- siliceous secretions of bamboo
Zhe Bei Mu- Thunberg Fritillaria Bulb
Zhu Li- Dried Bamboo Sap
Zhu Ru- bamboo shavings
Hou Zao- macaque Bezoar
Ze Qi- euphorbia
Huang Yao Zi- Dioscorea Bulbifera Tober


future categories:

• Herbs that Relieve Coughing and Wheezing
• Herbs that Relieve Food Stagnation
• Herbs that Regulate the Qi
• Herbs that Stop Bleeding
• Herbs that Invigorate Blood and Remove Stagnation
• Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold
• Herbs that Tonify Qi
• Herbs that Tonify Blood
• Herbs that Tonify Yang

Herbs that regulate Qi:


These Herbs are designed to manage the imbalance of yin and yang in the body. for example: having excess yang, it will help yin.

These herbs tend to be aromatic, warm, acrid, or bitter. They help promote the movement of qi, dispersment, drainage, and smooth flow.
Qi-healthy flow

They tend to treat the Lungs, Liver, Spleen and stomach. Primarily it resolves stagnant qi or rebellious Qi. SP/ST qi stagnation, constrained Liver qi, and stagnant Lung qi.


Chen Pi (aged tangerine peel) warm aromatic, acrid, bitter LU, SP, ST Promotes Qi flow, dries damp, 3-9g heat w/excess, dry cough, yin def.



Qing Pi (unripe tangerine peel) warm bitter, acrid GB, LIV, ST Directs downward, dredges liver, breaks up qi stagnation and clumping, harmonizes stomach. 3-9g contra: those qi def.


Zhi Shi (Orange Fruit) Cold bitter, acrid LI, SP/ST Promotes flow of Qi, unblocks plugs (lumps), lower burner opener 3-9g contra: Pregnancy

Zhi Ke (bitter orange unripe)Cold bitter, acrid SP/ST, LI Promotes flow of Qi, unblocks plugs (lumps), upper burner opener 3-9g contra: Pregnancy.


Gan Song warm acrid, sweet SP/ST Awaken SP, unblock constraint, alleviates pain. 3-6g none noted


Da Fu Pi
warm acrid LI, SI, SP/ST Directs Qi downward, disperses formless qi obstructions, reduces edema. 4.5-9g contra: pregnancy.


Xiang fu neutral acrid, bitter, sweet Liv., TB, GB Promotes Liver qi flow, ST Qi flow, regulates menstruation 6-12g contra: qi def, yin def, w/heat, blood heat.


Mu Xiang warm acrid , bitter GB,LI, SP, ST, TB promotes flow of qi, stops pain, Strengthens SP, eliminates food stagnation, 3-9g contra: depleted fluids, yin def., blazing fire.



Wu Yao Herbs that Regulate qi Warm Acrid BL, KD, LU, SP Promotes smooth flow of qi, disperses cold, alleviates pain 3-9g Qi and Blood def., Internal heat



Tan Xiang Herbs that Regulate qi warm Aromatic, acrid, LU, SP, ST Unblocks Stagnant Qi in chest, stops pain, settles belching and nausea 2-5g Yin Def., Fire

Chen xiang Herbs that Regulate qi Warm Aromatic, acrid, bitter KD, SP, ST Warms the SP and KD, directs rebellious Qi down, assist KD in grasping Qi. 1-1.5g Yin Def., fire

Xie Bai Herbs that Regulate qi Warm Acrid, bitter LU, ST, LI Reaches into areas of congealed contraint to unbind, warm, and drain. Benefits orfices, phlegm, detox 5-9g Qi def., weak ST

Mei Gui Hua Herbs that Regulate qi Warm Sweet, slight bitter Liv., SP Gently regulates Qi and Blood, harmonizes Liv, SP, ST. Regulates menstruation. 1.5-6g none

Chuan Lian zhi Herbs that Regulate qi Cold Bitter, slight toxic BL, Liv, SI, ST Cools heat, regulates Qi, stops pain 4.5-9g cold def. SP/ST

Li Zhi He Herbs that Regulate qi Warm Sweet Liv, St Disperse Qi Stag and cold obstruction in Liv channel 9-15g None

Shi Di Herbs that Regulate qi Neutral Bitter, astringnet LU, ST Stops hiccup, ST Qi downward 3-12g None

Herbs that Stop Bleeding


1. Stop Bleeding when Spleen cannot hold blood, there is excessive yang, and blood stasis. example: bloody nose.
2. These herbs invigorate the blood.



San Qi Herbs that Stop Bleeding Warm Sweet, Bitter Liv, ST Stops bleeding without causing blood stasis, transforms blood stasis, reduces sweeling, stops pain. 3-9g raw, 1-1.5 powder Pregnancy

Pu Huang Herbs that Stop Bleeding Neutral Acrid, sweet Liv, HT, SP Stops bleeding, removes blood stasis, promotes urination 3-9g pregnancy, polen allergy

Qian Cao Gen Herbs that Stop Bleeding Cold Bitter HT, Liv Cools blood, stops bleeding, removes stasis, 9-15 g cold def. ST/SP, fire, yin def.

Da Ji Herbs that Stop Bleeding Cool Sweet Liv, SP, HT Invigorates and cools blood, stops bleeding, reduce swelling, edema, jaundice, hypertension 9-15g cold def. ST/SP

Xiao Ji Herbs that Stop Bleeding Cool Sweet Liv, HT, Cools blood, stops bleeding, promotes urination, blood stasis 9-30g cold def, ST/SP, diarrhea

Di Yu Herbs that Stop Bleeding Slight cold, Bitter sour Liv, LI, ST Cools heat in the Blood, stops bleeding, resolves toxicity, restrains and inhibit, 9-15g cold def. or blood stasis

Huai Mi Herbs that Stop Bleeding Cool Bitter Liv, LI, Cools the blood, clears heat, stops bleeding, lower burner and hemmeroids 4.5-9g cold def. SP/ST

Ce Bai Ye Herbs that Stop Bleeding Slight cold, Bitter, Astringent, LU, LIV, LI Cools heat, inhibits bleeding, stops cough, hair issues, post partum issues, bronchitis in elderly 6-15g combine with other herbs

Bai mao Gen Herbs that Stop Bleeding Sweet Cold LU, ST,SI, BL Cools blood, stops bleeding, clears heat in LU, ST, promotes urinatin, diabetes 9-30g cold ST/sp

Zhu Ma Gen Herbs that Stop Bleeding Cold Sweet HT, Liv Stop Bleeding, cools blood, promote urine, calms fetus 9-30g none

Zi Zhu Herbs that Stop Bleeding Cool Bitter, Astringnet Liv, Lu, ST Cools heat, resolves toxicity, stops bleeding 9-15g cold from deficiency patients.

Xian He Cao Herbs that Stop Bleeding Neutral Bitter Astrignet Lu, Liv, SP Binds and inhibits bleeding 6-12g patients with active pathogens

Bai Ji Herbs that Stop Bleeding Cool Bitter, sweet LU, ST, Liv. Restrains to stop bleeding, reduces swelling, generates flesh 3-15g excess heat and fire, pre-existing lung issues,coughing blood

Ou Jie (lotus rhizome node) Herbs that Stop Bleeding Neutral Sweet, astringent LU, ST, Liv. Stop bleeding,remove blood stasis 9-15g none

Ai Ye (mugwort) Herbs that Stop Bleeding Warm Bitter,acrid SP, Liv, KD Dispels cold-damp, stoppain due tocold, stops bleeding, calms fetus during pregnancy 3-9g heat with yin def.

Herbs that invigorate the Blood


Chuan Xiong Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Acrid Liv, GB, PC Invigorate the blood, promote movement of qi, expels wind, stops pain. 3-9 g, 1-1.5 powder pregnancy, fire from yin def., dry mouth

Dan Shen (Salvia root) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Cold bitter HT, PC, Liv Invigortes blood, tonifies blood, calms irritiability due to blood heat 6-15g pregnancy, toxic with Li Lu.

Jie xue Teng Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm bitter sweet HT, Liv, SP Invigorate the blood, tonifies blood, soothes the sinews and invigorates the collaterals. 9-15g profuse menses

Yan Hu Suo (Corydalis rhizome) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Acrid, bitter HT Liv, St. Invigorate the blood, strongly stop pain. 3-9g pregnancy

Yu Jin Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Cold Acrid,Bitter HT, Lung , Liv Cools the blood, breaks up stasis, promotes the movement of qi, relieveconstraint 6-12g pregnancy

Jiang Huang (Tumeric) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Acrid, bitter Sp, ST, Liv Invigorates the blood, breaks up blood stasis, drives Qi downward, treats wind-damp painful obstructions 3-9g pregnancy

Yi Mu Cao Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Cold Acrid, bitter HT, Liv, BL Invigorates blood, regulates menstruation, facilitates urination, resolves toxicity 9-15g yin def. and pregnancy

Chong Wei Zi Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Cold Sweet Liv, SP Invigorate blood, clear Liver, brighten eyes 3-9g pregnancy caution, dilated pupils

Ze Lan Herbs that Invigorate the Blood warm Acridbitter Liv, SP Gently invigorates blood w/o injuring normal qi, promotes urination. 9-15g pregnancy, blood def.

Hu Zhang Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Cold bitter Liv, GB, Lu Invigorates blood, eliminates wind, expels dampness, transforms phlegm, cools heat, resolves toxicity 9-15g pregnancy

Chi Shao (Red peony root) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Cold Bitter, sour Liv, SP Invigorates blood, transformsstasis, stopspain, cools heat in the blood 6-15g cold from def.

Tao Ren (Peach kernel) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Neutral Bitter, sweet HT, LI, Liv, Lu Invigorates blood, dispels stasis,moistens intestines, stops cough and wheezing 4.5-9g pregnancy, blood def.

Hong Hua (Safflower) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Acrid HT, Liv Invigorates blood, stops pain 3-9g pregnancy, peptic ulcers


Fan Hong Hua (Saffron) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Cold Sweet HT, Liv Invigorates blood, dispels stasis, cools blood 1.5-6g pregnancy

E Zhu Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Bitter, acrid Liv, SP promotes movement of blood and qi, breaks up accumulations, reduces food stagnation 3-9g pregnancy

Ru Xiang (Frankincense) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Acrid, bitter HT, Liv, SP Invigorates blood, promotes movement of qi, stops pain, generates flesh 3-9g pregancy, toxic long term

Mo Yao (Myrrh) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Neutral Bitter HT, Liv, SP Breaks up blood stasis to stop pain, reduces swelling, generates flesh


Niu Xi Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Neutral Bitter, sour Liver, kd Unprepared: breaks up blood stasis, unblocks menstruation, guides blood to descend, directs fire downward, 3-9g pregancy, toxic long term
Prepared: tonifies the liver and kidneys, strengthens the sinews and bones 6-15g pregnancy, excessive menstruation

Wang Bu liu Xing Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Neutral Bitter Liv, ST Powerfully and rapidly invigorates the blood anddispersesclumpingand stasis 4.5-9g Pregnancy

Lu Lu Tong Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Neutral Bitter Liv, ST Invigorates Qi and blood, treats painful obstruction, facilitates urination 4.5-9g Pregnancy

Xue Jie (dragon’s blood) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Neutral Sweet, Salty HT, Liv Internally: invigorates blood, disperses stasis, stops pain, Externally for wounds, stop bleeding 1-1.5g pil/powder pregnancy and menstruation


Su Mu Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Neutral Sweet, salty, acrid HT, Liv, SP invigorates blood, expels stagnation, stops pain 3-9g pregnancy

Wu Ling Zhi (squirrel dung) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Bitter, sweet Liv Invigorates blood, stops pain, 3-9g (cotton bag) pregnancy

Jiang Xiang (scented rosewood) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Acrid Liv, SP, ST Disperse stasis, stop bleeding, arrest pain 3-6g blood heat



Herbs that Warm the Middle and Expel Cold

These herbs address when External cold and internal cold dominate a patient. They are uses to arouse the Yang Qi. By aiding the Yang qi, it also prevents Yang collapse.

If patient has aversion to cold,pale, complexion, cold hands and feet, cold limbs, thin pulse and pale tongue. These are some good herbs to use.

They warm Spleen and kidneys and tonify Yang, but are primary to expel internal cold.

Acrid, warm, drying, you must match carefully with tonifying herbs. Avoid with pregnant women.



Zhi Fu Zi (sichuan aconite duaght root) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot, toxic Acrid Ht, KD, SP Revives devastated Yang, Tonifies fire at gate of life, guides action of other herbs into the 12 channesl, expels cold-damp painful obstruction 3-15g Yin def., abundant yang, pregnancy

Zhi Chaun Wu (Sichuan aconite main root) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot , toxic Acrid, bitter Liv, SP Dispels wind, eliminates dampness, warms the channels, disperses cold, stops pain, cold painful obstruction 1.5-4.5g Yin def, yang excess, pregnancy.

Zhi Cao Wu (Wild aconite root) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot, very toxic Acrid, bitter, Liv., SP, KD Scours out wind, disperese cold, eliminates pain from cold, breaks up accumulation due to qi stagnation 1.5-3g none.

Gan Jiang (Dried ginger) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot Acrid HT, LU, SP/ST Warms Spleen, tansforms thin mucous, unblocks channels, revives yang. 3-9g Internal heat, yin def., blood heat, pregnancy.

Rou Gui (Cinnamon bark) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot Acrid, sweet HT, KD, Liv, SP Warms and Tonifies Yang, disperses cold, promotesmovementof blood 1.5-4.5g Blazing fire and yin def. interior heat, pregnancy.

Wu Zhu Yu (Evodia fruit) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot, slight toxic Acrid, bitter Liv. SP, ST Strongly warms middle and lower jiao, stop nausea and vomiting due to cold, alleviate cold pain in chest and abdomen 1.5-4.5g

Hua Jiao (sichuan pepper) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot, slight toxic Acrid KD, SP, ST Warms the middle, disperse cold, stoppain, kills parasites, tonifies fire at gate of life. 3-6g pregnancy, blazing fire.

Gao Liang Jiang Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot Acrid SP/ST Warms the Stomach, disperses cold, stops pain, directs rebellious qi downward. 3-9g heat w/ yin def.

Ding Xiang (Cloves) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Warm Acrid KD,SP/ST Warms the middle, directs ST qi down, treats hiccup, fortifies KD Yang. 1-3g Internal heat.

Xiao Hui Xiang (Fennel fruit) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Warm Acrid Liv/KD/SP/ST Harmonize the middle, warms lower burner, treats bulding disorders 3-9g Blzaing fire from yin. def.

Bi Ba (long pepper fruit) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot acrid ST, LI Warms middle burner, releasses constraint cold in intestines 1.5-4.5g yin def and heat.

Hu Jiao (black pepper) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot Acrid ST, LI Eliminates pathogenic cold in ST and LI 1.5-3g pregnancy.

Posted in TCM, Massage and Dietary therapy | Tagged , | Leave a comment

T’ai Chi Massage: the Inner structure of Bones, Muscles, and Tendons.

What separates Qi in TCM vs. mystical “woo-woo” Qi described in martial arts? “Internal qi and external power are completely different. One deals with functions of the body and of mind to be able to strengthen and control the bodily functions, and the other is being able to extend a force through space.” -Dr. Alex Shpigel (International Lei Tai Heavy weight champion and TCM doctor.)

Tai Chi Massage:

Tai Chi massage is a modality that was taught to me by my massage teacher Sifu Nancy Bloomfield back in 2005 when I attended Qi elements school of Tai Chi and Massage. She was a master level massage therapist who learned this modality from C.C. Liu in DC’s Chinatown. C.C. Liu was a student of Xiang Yangho (Hsiung Yang-ho) of Taiwan who was student of Yang Shao-Hou.
Yang Shao Hao| Xiang Yang-ho| C.C. Liu| Nancy Bloomfield| Matt Stampe|

Oral history
Some of the back story behind Tai Chi massage is that in the old schools of Tai Chi Chuan, the younger students had to do massage on the senior students for several reasons to understand:
1. Various Acu-points for cavity strikes, acupuncture/acupressure healing, and for meditative Neijia exercises,
2. Muscle and Tendon groups for seizing and grasping tendons/muscles, and for massage healing,
3. Joint and Bone locations for breaks, dislocations, and traumatology healing and bone setting.

The deeper the more advanced Tai Chi senior student went into training and fighting, various injures were occurred and knowing how to heal it was just as important than knowing how to injure someone. Either way, it was for both knowledge and experience of anatomy for both fighting and healing.

It’s about Bones, Muscles, and Tendons, not Fascia.

In my entire time at massage school and TCM mastery program, the topic of fascia was rarely if ever discussed. We did touch upon myo-fascia release, but that modality is used to massage the dense muscles to smooth out muscular adhesions and tension. The connective tissue called areolar aka fascia, which is a membrane covering muscle belly, has scientifically not been determined if a problem in this muscle membrane causes muscle issues. Muscle covers 70% of the body, it a type of tissue, areolar/fascia is like a jacket holding that muscle filled with blood. Inflammation is like a tight jacket (fascia) around that muscle belly. Massage opens and loosen up this jacket (fascia) and moves blood in the muscle belly. The modern “Neo-biomechanics” talk on fascia, tensegrity, and ‘Anatomy Trains’ is a marketing phenomenon. Be careful with these new philosophies and its over-emphasis on fascia. It is usually discussed by folks not even certified in any massage or other therapies. Not just certified massage therapists, but certified personal strength trainers are pretty annoyed as well by the internet hype surrounding fascia. Structural integrity requires understanding of bones, muscles, and tendons dealing with forces upon it. We will not talk more about fascia as it was never discussed in Tai Chi massage.

Matt with Virginia Board of Nursing Massage Therapist and bodyworker license. More at

Tai Chi massage differs from other forms of massage in that it is a experience which enhances a deep feeling of contentment. The massage is very relaxing and works not only with the physical body, but with the Qi energy in the channels. The techniques used vary from light strokes to deep tissue work.

Light brush strokes trace the channel lines and help them to run smoothly and efficiently. This energy work enhances the physical aspects of the massage as waves of Qi are released throughout these healing channels of the body. This technique nurtures the parasympathetic nervous system, invigorates every organ and carries life force into every cell.

Inner structure of Tai Chi massage: Bones, Muscles, and Tendons.






Images of the muscle-tendon regions in TCM




Posted in TCM, Massage and Dietary therapy | Tagged | Leave a comment

List of recommended Taijiquan instructors

Last update: 11/02/2015

In a sea deception, some light and clarity on some authentic and recommended Taijiquan instructors.

If you do not see a particular instructor, it may be due to two reasons: 1) please see if a lineage teacher is there, otherwise we do not know or cannot account for people we have not heard of . or 2) that we’ve excluded some of the people we feel do not represent the art truthfully with woo-woo claims (woo-woo is unrealistic fantasy martial skills that would not work in real self defense situations) and excessively silly compliant demo videos which misrepresent the martial arts.

This list is comprised from networking, seminars, competition events, and interactions with well know masters in the Taijiquan martial arts community. It was done with the help of many teachers, competitors, push hands competitors, full contact fighters, interviews, private messages, and conversations. This is peer choice, the Taijiquan community’s choice to bring clarity and awareness. It is not my list but everyone who chimed in with knowing this is a much needed work.

Top “Cream of the Crop”: Must see Highest recommended Taijiquan teachers! (No particular order)
click on link to enter their website.


Tai Chi Symposium masters here

Chen style Taijiquan
4 Diamonds of Chen Taijiquan
Chen Xiao Wong– has done the most in getting Chen taijiquan out to the public.
Chen Zhen Lei- a very open teacher, very serious, excellent seminar experience.
Zhu Tien Cai- another very open and friendly teacher, great seminar experience.
Wang Xian- another top master of Chen taijiquan.

Yang Taijiquan’s Top representatives:
Fu Sheng Yuan- 5th generation, is son of Fu Zhongwen and heir of Authentic Yang style.
Yang Jun– is 6th generation and works tirelessly to bring about good Taijiquan, coordinates Tai Chi symposium with masters from Chen, Yang, Wu, Hao, and Sun style Taijiquan masters.
James Fu- is 6th generation master and son of Fu Sheng Yuan.
Dong/Tung Family: very close and long time practitioners of Yang Taijiquan. This family teaches internationally.
Dong Zhen Chen in Hawaii
Tung Kai Ying and Tung Chen Wei in California L.A. area.
Alex Dong is in New York city.

Wu style Taijiquan
Wu Kwong Yu- 6th generation representative of Wu Style Taijiquan.
Wu Chong Him- 1st Zhongson of Wu Kwong Yu.
Ma Hailong descendant from Wu QuanYu and top Wu style master.
Ma Jiangbo- Wu style master that is very well known and descendant from Wu family.

Wu/Hao style Taijiquan
Zhong Zhenshan leading instructor of Wu/Hao taijiquan world wide. Scroll down link to read more.
Wu Wenhan- top Wu/Hao teacher invited to first Tai Chi Symposium.

Sun Style Taijiquan
Sun YongtianHe is the leading representative of Sun Taijiquan. Invited to speak at Taijiquan Symposium. more info in the link.

Cheng Man Ching style Taijiquan:
William CC ChenWorld class instructor, fighter, teacher.
Ben Lo- one of Cheng Man Ching’s top disciples. no link available. Mostly retired these days.
Complete list of instructors of CMC Taijiquan here: Teachers with permission to teach.

Taijiquan officials
Many of these International and National officials have dedicated their lives to the promotion of Taijiquan and are involved in many of the Taijiquan forms, push hands, and San shou competition events. They are masters and experts in both Traditional and Modern Taijiquan: form and function.

Chen Taijiquan
Here are more Chen Taijiquan masters and experts who have spread world-wide to give us Chen style Taijiquan.

Yang Taijiquan
A brief list of some masters and experts that teach Yang Taijiquan that we recommend. You may also find a more complete list with Yang family at:
Yang Family Website

Wu/Hao Taijiquan
A short list of some masters of the Wu/Hao style we are aware of.

Wu Taijiquan (Wu Chien Chuan)
Some Wu Taijiquan people teaching in USA and abroad, we hope to add more in the future when becoming aware of more teachers.

Northern Wu: Branch from Wu Quanyu to Wang Maozhai to Yang Yuting to Wang Peishan:

Masters include: Luo Shuhuan, Zhang Deshan, Zhao Zeren, Lu Shengli, Zhang Yun, Gu Yun
Links to Masters and instructors:

Sun Taijiquan
Here is a list of some teachers we are aware of who teach Sun Taijiquan. Sun Taijiquan is characterized by its active step footwork and containing elements of Baguazhang and Xingyiquan.

Cheng-Man-Ching Taijiquan (CMC)
While we are aware there are many teachers of this style, here is a list of folks who teach and have competed in push hands and san shou fighting events and are also teachers.
Complete list of instructors of CMC Taijiquan here: Teachers with permission to teach.

William CC Chen instructors


Malaysia Taijiquan
There is a large group of teachers in Malaysia. Many more are listed in Nigel Sutton’s books. Malaysia was influenced by Huang Xian Xiong/Hwang Shen Shyan, a white crane master who became a disciple of Cheng Man Ching.

Fu Zheng Song Taijiquan
Fu Zheng Song was a master of the Neijiaquan which is Taijiquan, Baguazhang, and Xingyiquan. His main influence was Chen Taiji, but he also knew Yang Chen Fu and Wudang sword master, General Li Jin Lin, as well as many other renowned masters. Fu Zheng Song was considered one of the “Tigers of Guandong”.

Wudang Temple PRC
Wudang teachers have emerged in the last few years as China has re-vamped training at the temple there. Here we list some people we have heard about.

Wudang Longmen USA
While there are other Wudang groups in USA, Some of these teachers are very present in the tournament scene and come from a tradition from Shanghai that practices Taijiquan, Baguazhang, Xingyiquan, and “water boxing”.
Link to teachers and students:

Wudang Practical Taijiquan U.K.
The most dominant Taijiquan in England as far as i can tell with a large list of fighters and push hands competitiors. Dan Dockerty won full contact fight events in Asia and spread it to Europe. Many of his students became champion fighters.

list of instructors:

Chang Dong Sheng Taijiquan
Chang Dong Sheng style of Taijiquan is no joke. Grandmaster Chang was one of China’s most elite and well respected Shuai Chiao (Chinese Wrestling)adepts. His students produce quality level fighters. Grandmaster Chang learned Taijiquan, Baguazhang, and Xingyiquan and modified them to suit how he understood fighting and throws. There was a “Combat Shuai Chiao” full contact fighting circuit at one time in the USA.

Chen Pan Ling Taijiquan
Chen Pan Ling learned from a host of masters including Yang Shouhou, Yang Chenfu, Wu Jian Chien, and took trips to Chen village. His style is unique in that it combines his knowledge on Baguazhang and Xingyiquan as well. This style is found mainly in Taiwan but there are some teachers abroad too. He was a direct at the ‘Central Koushu Academy’ in Nanjing China in the 1930’s.

Guang Ping Taijiquan
Guang Ping Taijiquan came to the USA in San Francisco by way of Grandmaster Kou Lien-Ying. He learned it from an old master who had trained with Yang Banhou, so it is considered a ‘Old Yang’ variation of Yang Taijiquan.

List of Teachers:

Other links to certified teachers:
San Shao Dao Association:

Liang Shouyu instructors:

YMAA instructors (Yang Jwing Ming’s school):

Circle of Trust

Push Hands Competitors:
Let’s face it, without testing your Taijiquan vs. an opponent training to push and resist against you, you really don’t have much. You can have all kinds of videos of you pushing a friend, student, or girl, but if you can’t get out of your comfort zone, you’re just a ‘handsies pansie’. Many push hands people have gone farther than many who call themselves “Sifu” and we know that push hands can become looked down as a wrestling sumo match. That is a compliment because you still have to use skill against someone using strength and aggression. Competition training takes a lot of hard work non-compliantly.

Mario Napoli- American Top Push hands competitor who went to Taiwan and Mainland China to compete and test skills. Won the Heavy Weight division in push hands in Chen Village China. He is active in fight training with Tai Chi, Boxing, and Judo arts. Mario is from the Cheng Man Ching lineage via Stanley Israel in New York. Mario’s website.

Lenzie Williams is a disciple of Ben Lo and competed in early 1990’s in the “A Taste of China All-Taijiquan Championships.” Lenzie was forms and push hands National Champion for several years.

Dr. David Walls-Kaufman is a disciple of Ben Lo who has competed in many push hands events Nationally and Internationally.

Mike Pekor- Is a National Push hands Champion and Grand Champion. He is an instructor in Long Island New York, and now teaches push hands competitors. He is also an expert in Wing Chun. Mike is from the Cheng Man Ching Lineage from New York with mates Bill Phillips, Avi Schneier, and Fredric Mirer.

Josh Waitzkin- William CC Chen student, 13 time push hands champion, champion chess player, author of Art of learning. Also a Brazilian Juijitsu student under Marcelo Garcia.

Casey Payne at Black Horse Tai Chi has traveled and competed in push hands in USA and Taiwan and is a National and International Champion.
Avi Schneier- of Patience Tai Chi in New York is a champion level push hands player from the Cheng Man Ching style, he has won in many various tournaments in the USA, Italy, and France..

David Chen- DC push hands gathering, competed in Cheng Man Ching event in France. He passed unexpectedly. There is now a Tai Chi park in Washington DC dedicated to his group.

Lee Scheele- Lee is a student of Anthony Ho Nan Jie (, Ben Lo, Sam Tam and a push hands player in California who has won several Super heavy weight push hands events.

Jeff Justice is another Super Heavy Weight Champion who has done very well in several push hands events from 2007-2009 world and International push hands events. He is from Atlanta Georgia area.

Elaine Waters is a National push hands champion 3x gold medalist in US and Taiwan.

Fernando Bernall- competed in many Taijiquan events including “A Taste of China” , Koushu and USAWKF event in the 90’s, he is also a Acupunturist and ketlebell instructor.

Stephen Watson is a 5x nation heavyweight push hands National Champion. He is from Connecticut.

Kim Kazelberger is a student of Ben Lo who has won light weight championship in push hands in late 80’s early 90’s including “A Taste of China” and several other events.

Don Ethan Miller- National Champion in Heavy Weight push hands. Has competed in USAWKF, AToC, and many other events.

Dr. Xianhao Cheng– Dr. Cheng has written several articles and translated many texts into English for Tai Chi magazine. he has competed in USAWKF push hands events and teaches in Philadelphia PA.

Chris Luth – is a two time national Push hands Champion and founder fo the Pacific school of Tai Chi in San Diego California. He is known for his Tai Chi in Paradise retreats.

Rick Barrett is another push hands champion from the late 80’s early 90’s who is a Cheng Man Ching practitioner.
Richard Anderson from Canada who won several time his weight division at Jiaozuo competitions in Mainland China.

Wu Shen Tao TaiChi practitioners under Liu Xiaolin and Sifu Paul Ramos have won many push hands events including IMAC, Taste of China, USAWKF, and Koushu. George Harris, Stephen Genus, Michael Daryabeygi, Daniel Nightengale, Alexander “Roots” King, Charles Cashell,. Wudanglongmen disciples. Other competitors include Lan Tran, Sylvia Robinson, Denise Lane, and Damon Iacovelli won various major events. Paul Ramos won the US Chinese Martial Arts Championships back in 90 and well as Kuoshu and other national events. Most of these people won either the same tournament, the Taste of China events, NACMAF and or Kuoshu International Championships. George, Sylvia, Denise and Damon won multiple times Newer students like Stephen Genus, Christine Wells, and Daniel Nightingale won recent events like Kuoshu Internationals, ICMAC Nationals and other smaller championships.

Bruce Schaub is a Chen, Wu style, and Yang style instructor who competed and won National and International fixed and moving step middle weight division in push hands events.

Tai Chi Full contact
While push hands competitions do not involve striking, San Shou/Sanda/Lei Tai fighting involves punch and kick striking, take-downs, throws, and a ton of courage. You are fighting against someone trained to hurt you and you are in a legal contract to fight and risk getting knocked out. It takes special kind of person to step in the ring. There is a generation of tai chi theory talkers, but these are the generation of tai chi combat walkers, aka the warriors elite. Training for a fight is very hard, getting in there and slugging it out is one of life’s most exciting things you can do. It validates your skill levels. Nervousness, adrenaline, pressure, resistance, attack, and defense….it’s all in there!

Patrick Brady– fought Infinite Class on Lei Tai and is a Tai Chi, Bagua, and Xingyi fighter. He is 2 X National champion in full contact and 3x National Push hands Champion.

Alex Shpigel- now a Doctor of TCM, he won Heavy weight 1st place in Nationals and Taiwan consecutively, fought over 20 times.

Mario Mancini- 1st place in 2000, 1999, 1998 also a Doctor of Chinese Medicine.

Steve Cotter- a famous kettlebell instructor now, won many Lei Tai events.

Bob Reynolds- won heavy weight division. Other members of Mike Patterson’s who had accomplishments- Step Taylor, Ali Cheng (f), Cathy Reddy (f), Steven Zamariar, Michael Corriadino, J.P. Hickman, Doug Gargaro, Robert Marzo, Anna Lagios, Tony Acaldo, Jaime Morgan, Rocky Valentine, William Revak, Louie Addeo, James Lynch, John Butcher, Paul Smith.

San Shou Ireland: Niall Keane, Declan Gannon, Karl Kidd, Daren Lowry, Wayne Marshall, Vytautas Vysniauskas are a Tai Chi team from Dan Docherty’s Wudang Tai Chi Association that fights out of Ireland and is very active in competition.

Robert Ruby- Richmond Va. Wu Tai Chi Richmond Va. Wu Tai Chi Chuan instructor won heavy weight in late 90s and another Wu style team mate won in the middle weight division at the Koushu Lei Tai same year.

Juan Maldonado- is a Taijiquan student from the lineage of William CC Chen in L.A., he has trained at the Muay Thai Academy and with Professional boxers before taking a career of amateur fighting, but maintains the importance of Taijiquan principles.Juan fight clip.

Vasile Ciocoiu– I have known Vasile for many years he has competed in San Shou, MMA, and is currently a purple belt in Brazilian Jujitsu. He is certified in Beijing under Chen Taijiquan and Yiquan associations.

Jonathan Weizhang Wang- Jonathan is a multi-time forms and push hands champion in the L.A. area who is also a Doctor of Chinese Medicine. Jonathan is a student of Jiang Hao-quan.

Dr. Mark Cheng- is a Doctor of Chinese Medicine who in his early training and competitions competed in Lei Tai and San Shou. He is also a Combat Shuai Chiao practitioner. Mark has a kettlebell system that he teaches and certifies students.

Wim Demeere Belgian national champion four times and held the bronze medal at the 1993 Wushu world championships in Malaysia. He retired from full-contact competitions in 2000 when he became national trainer for the sanda team of the Belgian Wushu Federation.

Troy Roy Tai Chi Chuan: competed in Lei Tai and Full contact fighting in USA. Was a member of Tang Shou Tao 2002-2007. Won 2 full contact fight events at “East Bay Rats” Biker smokers.

Matt Stampe Primarily Yang Tai Chi who has fought in Sanda, Lei Tai fight events, and street, coached and cornered fighters in Lei Tai/San shou, amateur Boxing, and Muay Thai events. Matt has competed in IMA forms, push hands, weapons, and fighting in: A Taste of China, USAWKF, US Koushu, IMAC, and Taiji Legacy/Chin Woo Championships.

Posted in Tai Chi Chaun/Taijiquan | Tagged , , , , | Comments Off on List of recommended Taijiquan instructors

Extractions of the ‘Huang Di Nei Jing’ (HDNJ) “Yellow Emperors Classic of Internal medicine” and Ling Shu “Spiritual Axis”

last update: 9/29/2015 come back and check on updates. Ongoing project.

Huang Di Nei Jing (HDNJ) is one of the “Bibles” of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and the classic that sets the pace for many of the health philosophy and practices that come from Taoism. Many of the theories from this book are adopted and encoded in Traditional health practices of Dao Yin (Breathing + limbering exercises), Du Na ( breathing gongs), and later Tai Chi Chuan, Neijia, and Qigong. What separates Qi in TCM vs. mystical “woo-woo” Qi in martial arts and fighting? As a TCM doctor and fighter once said, “Internal qi and external power are completely different. One deals with functions of the body and of mind to be able to strengthen and control the bodily functions, and the other is being able to extend an force through space.” -Alex Shpigel

This is my second reading of HDNJ and chose Taoist Master Ni Hua-Ching’s son Maoshing Ni’s PHD translation of this classic. This book is a must for serious students of TCM and also Taijiquan. The book can be found here. hdnj

Chapter 1: Universal Truth. This chapter discusses the importance of protecting ones jing/essence, as you are only born with so much and once you deplete your essence, you will so begin to age quickly. We live in a society where we indulge in our passions and destroy this essence base. Jing/essence in women has a 7 year cycle and men it is 8 years. By the age of 35 in women and 40 in men, our jing/essence will decline rapidly. There are methods of preserving essence and it is based on diet, proper exercise that does not exhaust body, lifestyle of not overindulgence, and calm mindfulness as to not get caught up in negative emotions. The chapter ends with the 4 types of people who have successfully extended their life force via discipline of preserving their jing/essence: the immortals, the “achieved ones”, the sages, and the naturalists.

Chapter 2: The Four Seasons. This is the chapter that outlines how to live in harmony with the changing seasons. If you do not go with the flow of the changing seasons, various illnesses can occur. This chapter sets a guideline of what to do and how to deal with the various attributes a season will produce.

Chapter 3: Union of Heaven and Man. This is a very important chapter on the discussion of Yang Qi and how it protects the body and life force. It discusses various health issues when the Yang Qi is weak and external pathogenic forces(wind, cold, heat, damp, fire, dryness) get inside the body and reek chaos.
-Excess sweating in summer: causes irritability, “heat attacking exterior”.
-Summer heat interior: mind/spirit delerium, fever. Open the pores to release the heat.
-Damp invasion- head heavy, large muscles and tendons contract, spasm, atrophy.
-Qi deficiency- swollen limbs, impaired movement, exhausted yang qi.
-Anger and Impulsive desires: Yang qi disperses, qi outpours, body is vulnerable to invasion.
-Overworked/over stressed: Yang qi will overheat and deplete jing/essence and body fluids/yin depletion, dehydration.
-Jian Jue: consumed yin fluids.
-Bo Jue: w/anger, energy flows recklessly, damaging qi and blood.
-Tendon damage:mobility impaired.
-Pian Ku: one side of body sweating, indication of hemiplegia.
-Zuo Fe: pores open, damp invasion, rashes, dermatitis.
-Ding chaung: overindulgence in rich and greasy foods- lesions with pus.
-Zha: red spots on nose from heavy exertion and sweating, allows wind cold invasion.
-Zuo chang- wind-cold invasion over a long period of time, causes rectal ulcerations and boils.

“Yang Qi transforms Jing/essence to nourish shen/spirit and harmonize yang qi to sustain the tendons” HDNJ p.9
Pathogenic cold enters and damages yang qi, tendons loose nourishment and body becomes stiff and movement painful.

-Lou- Pathogenic cold reaches blood level (very deep) can cause scrofula of the neck.
-if pathogenic cold reaches muscle level- lesions and wounds will not heal properly.
-if cold invades the Shu points- will cause fear, fright, and nightmares.
-Yong zhong: ying qi blocked by pathogenic cold, muscles blocked: cysts and pus conditions.
-Feng Nu: weak and sweating_> wind-cold gets into pores causing fluid build-up in the muscles “wind malaria” alternating chills/fever, headache and irritability.
– Pathogenic wind as “Root of all evil” when wind gets inside, yang qi gets stuck, wind moves around up/down, left/right and must be purged with herbs and sedated with acupuncture, other wise “wind stroke” or death can occur. wind leads to heat.
-Spring: wind causes spleen digestive issues.
-Summer: heat malarial issues chills/fever.
-Autumn: dampness, lung and cough, cold limbs (Wei jue).
-Winter: cold…febrile diseases in spring.

Spring: wind affects Liver, head and nosebleeds: needle GB on the neck.
Summer: wind affect heart: chest and rib acupuncture.
Autumn- wind affects Lungs: acupuncture on shoulders and upper back.
Winter: wind affects kidneys/bi-syndrome: acupuncture lower back.
Late summer: wind affects spleen: middle back points.

Chapter 4: Truth of the golden chamber: This lists and classifies the 5 elements and groups them into data sets. This image here is basically what is talked about: 5-elements-data

Chapter 5 Yin and Yang manifestations in the macrocosm and microcosm: summary of this chapter is in the 5 elements creation, destructive, retraining, cycles.



Chapter 6: interplay of yin and Yang
This chapter discusses some of the Outer and Inner layers of Yin and yang in the body.
Shao Yin- minor yin
Tai yang- major yang, Zhiyin (BL67) lowest point, Jingming (BL1) highest point. (Tai Yang is the yang within Yin).
Tai Yin- major yin
Yang Ming- Bright yang- distal point Lidui (ST45). (Yang ming is the yang within Yin).
Shao yang- GB Zhuqiaoyin (GB44) Minor yang (pivot)
Jue Yin- extreme yin.

Chapter 7: Further discourses on yin and yang.
Importance of the 12 movements throughout the year. See diagram.
Pulses of the seasons:
Spring- wiry
Summer- flooding
Autumn- Floating
Winter- sinking

5 yang pulse is Stomach qi
5 organ pulses
These equal a total of 25 pulses.

3 yang at Ren Ying (St9) Carotid artery
3 Yin: Radial artery (Guan kou)
Both: should be in harmony.

Chapter 8: Sacred Teachings:
Heart- sovereign over all organs, represents consciousness, wisdom, intelligence, spiritual transformation.
Lung- advisor who regulates body qi.
Liver is a general courageous and smart.
Gall bladder- is a judge who makes decisions
Pericardium is a jester who makes the court laugh
ST/SP- Food store houses.
Kidney: Stores vitality and will.
Triple burner: transports water and fluids.
Bladder- eliminates the wastes.

Chapter 9: Energetic cycles of the Universe and their effects on Human beings.
Heaven macrocosm.
6×60 day cycles, 365 days.
Rule o 9. 24 stems through the seasons.

Man microcosm:
10 stems, 12 earthly branches. Jie qi phases.
Those who understand this, master the processes of the universe. Yin/yang process of birth, growth, maturation, and death.

Weather: how it affects humans, seasons, and seasons within seasons. 5 elements creation/destruction cycles.
Unusual and abnormal weather.

Heart- facial color
Lungs- sound
ST and LI- digestion to the 5 zhang
5 zhang- qi that produces jin ye (body fluids both light and heavy.
Jin ye= lubricate, fortify body, marrow, jing/essence, shen/spirit.

Heart- blood vessels (blood) shen.
Lungs- skin and hair (Qi) Po.
Kidneys- jing essence, hair of face and head, bones/marrow/teeth. Zhi- will.
Liver- stamina, Hun , nails, tendons and blood.
ST, SI, BL, SJ: lips and mouth, flesh and muscles.
GB- decision making.

Chapter 10- Dysfunction of the 5 zhang viscera:
Warns not to indulge in the 5 flavors which will damage its respective organs.
Acupuncture: used to move weiqi at the couli “12 spaces between muscles” and expels pathogens from those openings.
Obstructions of the heart: Zhongwen (Ren12).

Chapter 11: further Discourses on the 5 zhang
Brain, Marrow, Bones, blood vessels, Gall Bladder, uterus are Fu organs.
5 Zhang each store essence.
LU9 Taiyuan is an influential point of the vessels.
Stomach is the sea of nutrients six fu organs.
Patients are best served when understanding their:
1. Bowel movments
2. Pulse
3. Emotional/spiritual/psychological mind state.

Chapter 12: Methods of treatment
The superior doctor uses the treatments from all areas:
East- stone needle
West- herbs
North- moxibustion
South- metal needles
Middle- qigong.

Chapter 13- Treatment of Mind and Body.
Face reading, pulse, understanding spirit, wines, herbs, and acupuncture.

14- Art of Medicine:
Ancients: were healthy and rarely sick they did not need medicines, but used teas and wines as backups in case they did.
Middle ages: people began to lose their ways and had to use teas and wines to cure diseases.
Today: wines and herbs are not enough. People need acupuncture, moxa, lifestyle adjustments, diet, exercise. Some poisons have to be used to kill illnesses so compound.

The Doctor needs to be sincere, compassionate, and responsible. It is very important to heal the emotions of the patient and be aware of their body symptoms and imbalances.
Illnesses are not always from external pathogens.
Yang deficiency of the 5 zhang organs- Qi cannot propel water causing edema. Yin overflows and Qi escapes to the exterior.
Water metabolism imbalance: Qi flow, remove stagnation, diuresis, exercise, get warm, acupuncture.

15- Doctrine of the Jade tablet: How to differentiate illnesses
1. Color /complexion of the person
2. Pulses: look for spirit and Qi.
Diagnosis: pulse as the 4 seasons and 5 elements.

16- Diagnostic importance and discussion of the collapse of channels.
Essential diagnostics is based on Heaven,Man, Earth trinity.
Year is divided into sections:
1 and 2 Feb/March: Qi starts to rise.
3 and 4 April/May: Qi is in the liver, human qi is moderately full, qi solidifies.
5 and 6 June/July: Qi abundant, earth ascends, qi to head. –spleen
7 and 8 Aug/Sept.: Turning point: Heaven begins to descend, earth qi consolidates. Qi in lungs.
9 and 10 Oct/Nov.: Heaven qi quiescent/Earthly qi full and deepens. Heart.
11 and 12 Dec/jan. Coldness. Heaven Qi dormant, earth is crystallized and solid.

Acupuncture according to the seasons:
Spring: 30 minutes, bleeding ok, use Shu points.
Summer: use more Luo connection points, bleeding ok, allow it to stop on own.
Autumn: superficial needling, wait until the spirit/complexion of patient changes to remove needles.
Winter: deep to bone level, can wiggle and push/pull needle, insert extra needles.

Various points to avoid in seasons:
Season| Do not needle| Injures
Spring| summer positions| Heart fire
Spring| autumn positions| Lung qi
Spring| winter positions| Kidneys
Summer| Spring positions| Liver
Summer| autumn positions| Lung Qi and voice
Summer| winter positions| Kidney to cause Liver fire
Autumn| Spring positions| causes Liver fire rising
Autumn| winter positions| kidneys creating chills
Winter| Spring positions| Liver Qi/Hun causing lethargy/insomnia
Winter| summer positions| Heart Qi and pulses
Winter| autumn positions| Lung Qi

-Warnings to not puncture an organ, use a cloth on the front of body or one can die. Know the locations.
Heart- one can die in 30 minutes.
Lung- 5 days
Spleen- 5 days
Kidney- week
Diaphragm- 1 year.

Area should be quiet for patient. The doctor needs to have Qi and be in tune with patient to avoid accidents.

Channel Collapse Symptoms before Death
Tai Yang| stiffness of back, spasm, paleness, sweating
Shao yang| deafness, joints loose, bones dislocate, eyes stare out, face changes from green to white.
Yang Ming| Facial paralysis, delirium, yellow face, swelling muscles and spasms in limbs then stiff.
Shao Yin| Face becomes black, gums recede, teeth blacken, abdomen distended and stagnant.
Tai Yin| abdominal distention, fullness, shortness of breath, vomiting.
Jue yin| feverish, chest pain, dry throat, urination frequent, tongue stiff.

check back later for more updates.

Ling Shu “The Spiritual Pivot”

Scroll 1 Of Nine needles and 12 source points. The Laws of Heaven.

Fine needles that penetrate channels harmonize blood and Qi, currents, and counter-currents, assemble exit and entry points.
Fundamentals of classic acupuncture:
9 needles and the priorities of their ways. “Easy to say, difficult to master”.
Ordinary acupuncture, physical health.
High skill: is of spirit and guest (disease/pathogen) If host is strong, then guest is weak. If guest is strong, then Host is weak.
Ordinary technique guards the gates.
High level technique: controls the moving power “Qi” or vital force.
Moving power at the center of space is quiet, clear, subtle.
Wu Wei er wu bu wei: nothing but accomplishes everything, it’s coming cannot be hurried, it’s going cannot be chased.
Understand the moving power and its way, to do this you must understand the Tao.
Coming and going by understanding the cycles of time, day, and year.

Tonify- hollowness
Disperse- Fullness.
Dredge- Stasis.
Slow the quick- tonify.
Quick the slow- disperse.

The blood pulses are widely distributed to the Shu points.


Qi in the channels:
1. Evil qi is on top, needle needs to let pathogen out.
2. Muddy is in the middle.
3. Clear qi is at the bottom.

5 viscera (Zhang): shu points= 25 points.
6 bowels (Fu): shu points= 36 points.
12 major channels
15 Luo channels
Total 27 ascending/descending channels.

Points of exit are the ‘jing’ well
Small flow is ‘ying’ spring
Large flow- ‘shu’ stream
Strong flow- ‘jing’ river
Entrance to other channels- ‘He’ sea.

27 energies: 5 shu points.
365 acupoints- places unhampered by skin, flesh, muscles, and bones.

Patients: observe their color, face, eyes, listen, pulses.

12 Source points:

5 viscera diseases are like thorns, stains, knots, and obstructions.
1. Thorns can be embedded for a long time, but they can be removed.
2. Stains, although filthy, can be washed away.
3. Knots, tied for a long time, can be untied.
4. Obstructions block for a long time, but can be opened up.
The best acupuncturist can take out these chronic diseases.

Posted in TCM, Massage and Dietary therapy | Tagged | Leave a comment

Huang Bai-Nien on Dragon Shape Baguazhang & Xingyiquan Striking Principles- Bradford Tyrey


Bradford’s baguazhang books and others are found at, type in Bradford Tyrey in the Search box.

The following article is attributed to a student of Huang Bai-Nien, though the student’s name cannot be verified, what is known about him is that he worked as an editor for the Peking Historical Preservation Society during the 1920s and 1930s, and assisted Huang proofing his own writings. The information below came directly from Huang and from several boxing journal articles that he authored but was written in brief by one of his closest students. This article encompasses principles mutually shared by Wang Li-Te, Li Cun-Yi, Huang Bai-Nien, Sun Lu-T’ang, Liu Xing-Han, Jiang Rong-Chiao, Sha Guo-Zhen, and so many others who followed the old practices. Many of these teachers practiced with each other, shared knowledge, and passed teachings onto specific boxing clans through selected disciples. This article below was corrected and added to by Liu Xing-Han, stating that parts were previously deleted during revolutionary times in China because certain passages were thought to disclose secrets of Chinese boxing that might fall into the hands of invaders of China.

Master Huang Bai-Nien is at the highest level of boxing skill and knowledge. His hands possess the speed of an Immortal, and can only be seen should he decide. His swiftness in body motion can be termed as “an Immortal chasing his shadow.” Such secret skills were passed onto him by his master, Li Cun-Yi.

Among the many striking palm methods there are three with special significance. These three are: Xia P’i Zhang (Downward [Lower] Splitting Palm), Zhong An Zhang (Central/Middle Pushing Palm), and Xuan Zhang (Turning Palm). As original palm methods practiced by Master Tung Hai-Chuan these three are in accord with the Original Three Circular Palms: Dan Huan Zhang (Single Changing Palm), Shun Zhang (Compliant [Following] Palm), and Shuang Huan Zhang (Double Changing Palm) are the further manifestations of p’i (splitting), an (pushing), and xuan (turning) palms.

P’i (splitting), an (pushing), and xuan (turning) unify, exchange, cooperate, and transform to provide skill-power within each of the Original Three Circular Palms. Xia P’i Zhang is in harmony with the Earth. Its palm essence roots deeply, flowing as a stream through mountain caverns [moving with fluidity and hidden power] then, the emerging qi strikes deeply and sinks into the adversary. Sinking qi causes expansion within which in turn causes stagnation of the natural movement of the interior. Hence, xia p’i (lower/downward splitting) is the Dragon Shape method to use emptiness [an unseen/hidden movement] to create fullness [a sinking strike into the adversary]. Walk the circle while holding this posture, and embrace the qi within the palm for one-thousand days shall nurture the skill of xia p’i zhang.

Zhong An Zhang unifies the Heaven and Earth which in turn produces man. This palm is in accord with that which takes a central position. The action of zhong an (central pushing) evades the adversary’s defense and strikes using a pushing-crushing manner toward the middle [interior] of the adversary. As a central position method it is heavy as the Earth, yet conforms to the changing influences of man. That is, this action attains its great skill by practicing Di Xing Fa (Earth Element [Shape/Form/Transmutation] Method) taught by Master Li. The practice method is simple; the attainment of flourishing skill is multifarious.

In practicing this palm sink the qi, root the body, and sense great heaviness spreading throughout the body and limbs as if the Earth empties its weight into your shape. Though heaviness abounds within the body one’s movement is as if the tip of a single thread of silk [movement is lively and agile]. Heaviness begets lightness; lightness begets heaviness. The skill of heaviness is practiced in both a circle and straight [reference to straight-line bagua sets] until one has no distraction within and the river of heaviness runs into the palms and can be issued into the adversary. This pushing-crushing force is beyond a common method, it must be sought through tranquility during the time when the Earth allows the yin to escape and supernatural attainment ripples into the body [referring to practice must be done late at night when the heavy yin qi is dominate and one’s body can readily absorb this dominate essence]. This is but one secret method that Master Li passes to us. Acquiring this method must be like entering a mountain cave without fear or expectation. Its secrets shall soon be revealed with nightly practice of forty-nine nights.

In application all palm methods, if significantly developed, possess a poison touch. Such a touch is one in which the essence of the palm method is released into the vacuity of the adversary. Connect with the adversary’s body, issue palm force, and adhere. Connect in all boxing methods refers to touching upon a single point; issuing refers to releasing internal force without using brute force; adhering is not that of the body touching upon another’s body but rather the adherence of one’s spirit to sense within the adversary’s body and direct the poison touch. This is the true way of connect, issue, and adhere taught by Master Li Cun-Yi.


Muscular force must also be comprehended, in that it shall eventually reach its extreme at which point weakness and clumsiness await to take its place. Therefore, skill and agility must be succinctly maintained. The whole body and mind, without any hindrance, must direct one’s qi into a single finger or area on the hand. Qi must be trained to surge, ebb, and be stored where the mind selects. This is so within all standing and seated boxing methods. It is essential that such training be endeavored upon day by day without halting. Qi is the nourishment of skilled boxing masters as is food the nourishment of the common man.

Training is performed in the following manner that Master Li dictated. Hold a hand outward, assume a training posture, direct the qi to the finger or area of one’s hand that shall strike the adversary, and sense heaviness of qi entering. This is as many have said is “iron wrapped in cotton.” Such heaviness is an intense collection of qi directed and held there by the mind. Fullness of qi begets movement. That is, the great accumulation of qi stands ready and seeks to be released; it is as a tiger leaping from its lair. Such accumulation, contained by the mind’s intent, is directed from one’s finger into a single point within the adversary. The release into a single vulnerable point is termed “iron returning to liquid iron.” This means that the concentrated feeling of qi [feeling like heavy iron] is released [moving and flowing like a liquid] into an adversary like liquid iron. Such liquid iron [qi], directed by the intent of the mind enters a cave
[a cavity/dim mak point], residing as a tiger in its lair. Upon its entrance this iron obstructs the natural order of the inner water wheel of the adversary’s body. Faintness, illness, or death shall transpire.

One who has practiced the methods of Master Li for a cycle of ten years is considered adept at this secret skill. In the methods of baguazhang, xingyiquan, and taijiquan the movement of the “inner iron” is a practice of the highest order. My master taught that in xingyiquan linking movements can only be practiced once standing methods with the movement of iron is achieved. Two to three years is required for most. To stand in any xingyi or bagua posture is to touch upon the spirit of that posture. To stand in longxing (dragon shape) is to evoke the spirit of a celestial dragon within the confines of the human form. Man [an earthly being] thereby unites with dragon [a celestial being]. Such unification produces true attainment within boxing practices.


Master Li expounded that each posture must be held 36 breaths for yang qi and 36 breaths for
yin qi, resulting in harmonious interplay of the wuxing (five phases [elements]). The 72 breaths produce the germination of movement which in turn pulls with it the iron, sending it throughout the body. This iron must be directed to the intended striking hand from beginning to completion of the 72 breaths. If the iron, once accumulated in greater mass, is not properly directed it shall improperly reach one’s own heart, causing unstoppable illness.

Externally, one’s xing (form [shape]) must be as unmoving as a deeply rooted stump. Internally, the liquid iron moves by shun (compliance). That is, iron must comply with the mind’s intent of leading it into the hand as a general commands his troops. As the hand fills with iron [firmness] the body attains a state of softness. This is the way of the Great Teachings; it is the interaction and exchange of firmness [yang] and softness [yin].

Beginning students endeavor to learn movement and fighting within the first days, but this is contrary toward skill development and is without purpose. True studies and practice must begin when yang qi is ascending in the springtime. In Qiu Chuji’s “Treatise on Health Preservation and Cultivation” [written in the Yuan dynasty], it states: “When spring fills the air with warmth, man should look at gardens and pavilions and into the wilderness to relieve the stagnancy of the heart and invigorate himself, though not sit alone in depression.” Qiu Chuji’s teachings are essential to maintaining seasonal health and harmony while studying the secret methods of moving iron. Each of the four seasons contain their special teachings and must be contemplated and followed. For example, in the midst of the summer’s heat one must soften the breath to reach a tranquil state and envision frosty snow within the heart as to ward-off the Great Interior Heat. Without knowing the secrets of each season one can only touch upon general skills, never immersing into the breadth of the Yangtze River.


Ming dynasty’s most distinguished physician and pharmacologist, Li Shi-Zhen, wrote “Wine is pure yang in nature and pungent and sweet in taste, and thus has the effectiveness of invigorating vital function and dispersing pathogens. Wine is dry and hot in property, and is thus used to expel dampness and cold.” These words must be heeded by those who practice the art of Poison Hand Touching. Such touching methods require knowledge bestowed by our scholarly ancestors. In the text Plain Questions (Chapter 23) it is written: “Spirit is stored in the heart, the soul in the lungs, mood in the liver, idea in the spleen, and the will in the kidneys.” Within these words lie profound secrets contemplated by great boxing masters.

All knowledge of training culminates within the ability of hand methods. When striking with the fist qi is to be directed through the wrist and into the region of softness [the center of the palm]. To achieve this it is essential that the fist be only lightly clenched. The four fingers curl inwardly as if embracing and halting the escape of a cricket. The thumb, in turn, curls with roundness [instead of stiffly bending] until finding rest upon the forefinger. This is the proper manner to hold the fist, qi can now pervade. From the wrist, past the pulses, held within the reservoir of the palm [the palm’s center], the qi is drawn into the knuckles. The knuckles curl and extend as if the four claws of an earthly deemed dragon.

Qi swells within and one’s sprit is elicited. The hand prepares to strike. Force, qi, and will unite thereby moving into the knuckle(s) which now hit deeply into the adversary. Upon contact, the fist clenches slightly more, squeezing out the qi as if wringing water from a cloth. This method is most apparent in the unity achieved between hand and sword.


Without the mind directing the qi, this immortal force shall disperse as if horses in a herd were each running separate paths. The mind is the lead horse which the herd shall follow. Spirit rises to the extreme [crown of the head]; the spine swells with the vital elixir [qi]; the hands now prepare to discharge the force of the inner dragon [the merging of one’s qi, spirit and mind-intent]. Striking [the physical manifestation of one’s spirit] forms exact movement which seeks guidance. Guidance is found in the boxing maxim “to diverge by a single hair’s width, ten-thousand miles are lost.” This maxim points the way toward the acquired skill of ‘exactness.’ It is the exactness of whole-body motion, the exactness of a strike, and the exactness of one’s mind-intent to direct qi; all unifying to produce immortal skills found within unseen-forces.

What is the meaning of Longxing (Dragon Shape) hidden within baguazhang and xingyiquan postures?
It has been explained by many ancient masters in both complicated and simplistic terms. Most agree that
進退 jin-tui (advance-withdraw) represents profound aspects of a heavenly dragon’s movement. Movement of a dragon is obscure, coiling and thrashing during both outward and inward movement. Like the yin and yang, a dragon shall 進 jin (advance) through its use of 退 tui (withdrawing). In all boxing arts this is likened to the principle ‘to fiercely strike outwardly with overwhelming force requires withdrawing into one’s central root, from which advancement [outward movement] finds its origin.’ Tui (withdrawing) into one’s root heralds 進 jin (advancement), conversely 進 jin (advancement) heralds tui (withdrawing). Master Li Cun-Yi taught that to study a dragon xingyiquan set opens the doorway to all fistic sets: p’iquan now becomes long p’iquan (dragon-splitting fist), bengquan now becomes long bengquan (dragon collapsing-fist), and so forth. Such skills harmoniously unite with the actions of 起落 qi-lao [luo] (to rise and fall), transforming into 進起退落 jin-qi tui-lao (advance [expel] while rising, withdraw [draw inward] while falling); its existence within baguazhang and xingyiquan creates movement that is without absence or peer.

Posted in Pakua Chang/Hsingyi Chuan | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment