come back again. Work in progress. last update: 1-18-2016
Part II in a series for self-study:
**Please do not use these herbs without guidance from a licensed practitioner.**
These are only for study. For instance Ma Huang is illegal in the USA and was used in diet pills and thus someone had to take a lot and died. Herbs are used in FORMULAS with other herbs to balance the potency. Some are used in cooking however. Please use caution. This is my online guide for students of Chinese Medicine.
Herbs that cool and transform Phlegm-Heat
These herbs are used in cases where there is phlegm heat, and dry-phlegm patterns. Coughs are key indicators, but also goiters, convulsions, scrofula as well.
Chuan Bei Mu- Tendrilled Fritillaria Bulb
Dan Nan Xing- jack-in-the-pulpit Rhizome
Fu Hai Shi- pumice
Gua Lou- Trichosanthes fruit
Gou Lou Pi- Trichosanthes peel
Gua Lou Ren- Trichosanthes seeds
Ge Qiao- Clam shell
Hai Zao- seaweed
Kun Bu- kelp
Pang Da Hai- Boat sterculia seed
Qian Hu- Hogfennel root
Tian Hua Fen- Trichosanthes root
Tian Zhu Huang- siliceous secretions of bamboo
Zhe Bei Mu- Thunberg Fritillaria Bulb
Zhu Li- Dried Bamboo Sap
Zhu Ru- bamboo shavings
Hou Zao- macaque Bezoar
Ze Qi- euphorbia
Huang Yao Zi- Dioscorea Bulbifera Tober
• Herbs that Relieve Coughing and Wheezing
• Herbs that Relieve Food Stagnation
• Herbs that Regulate the Qi
• Herbs that Stop Bleeding
• Herbs that Invigorate Blood and Remove Stagnation
• Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold
• Herbs that Tonify Qi
• Herbs that Tonify Blood
• Herbs that Tonify Yang
Herbs that regulate Qi:
They tend to treat the Lungs, Liver, Spleen and stomach. Primarily it resolves stagnant qi or rebellious Qi. SP/ST qi stagnation, constrained Liver qi, and stagnant Lung qi.
Chen Pi (aged tangerine peel) warm aromatic, acrid, bitter LU, SP, ST Promotes Qi flow, dries damp, 3-9g heat w/excess, dry cough, yin def.
Qing Pi (unripe tangerine peel) warm bitter, acrid GB, LIV, ST Directs downward, dredges liver, breaks up qi stagnation and clumping, harmonizes stomach. 3-9g contra: those qi def.
Zhi Shi (Orange Fruit) Cold bitter, acrid LI, SP/ST Promotes flow of Qi, unblocks plugs (lumps), lower burner opener 3-9g contra: Pregnancy
Zhi Ke (bitter orange unripe)Cold bitter, acrid SP/ST, LI Promotes flow of Qi, unblocks plugs (lumps), upper burner opener 3-9g contra: Pregnancy.
Gan Song warm acrid, sweet SP/ST Awaken SP, unblock constraint, alleviates pain. 3-6g none noted
Da Fu Pi warm acrid LI, SI, SP/ST Directs Qi downward, disperses formless qi obstructions, reduces edema. 4.5-9g contra: pregnancy.
Xiang fu neutral acrid, bitter, sweet Liv., TB, GB Promotes Liver qi flow, ST Qi flow, regulates menstruation 6-12g contra: qi def, yin def, w/heat, blood heat.
Mu Xiang warm acrid , bitter GB,LI, SP, ST, TB promotes flow of qi, stops pain, Strengthens SP, eliminates food stagnation, 3-9g contra: depleted fluids, yin def., blazing fire.
Wu Yao Herbs that Regulate qi Warm Acrid BL, KD, LU, SP Promotes smooth flow of qi, disperses cold, alleviates pain 3-9g Qi and Blood def., Internal heat
Tan Xiang Herbs that Regulate qi warm Aromatic, acrid, LU, SP, ST Unblocks Stagnant Qi in chest, stops pain, settles belching and nausea 2-5g Yin Def., Fire
Chen xiang Herbs that Regulate qi Warm Aromatic, acrid, bitter KD, SP, ST Warms the SP and KD, directs rebellious Qi down, assist KD in grasping Qi. 1-1.5g Yin Def., fire
Xie Bai Herbs that Regulate qi Warm Acrid, bitter LU, ST, LI Reaches into areas of congealed contraint to unbind, warm, and drain. Benefits orfices, phlegm, detox 5-9g Qi def., weak ST
Mei Gui Hua Herbs that Regulate qi Warm Sweet, slight bitter Liv., SP Gently regulates Qi and Blood, harmonizes Liv, SP, ST. Regulates menstruation. 1.5-6g none
Chuan Lian zhi Herbs that Regulate qi Cold Bitter, slight toxic BL, Liv, SI, ST Cools heat, regulates Qi, stops pain 4.5-9g cold def. SP/ST
Li Zhi He Herbs that Regulate qi Warm Sweet Liv, St Disperse Qi Stag and cold obstruction in Liv channel 9-15g None
Shi Di Herbs that Regulate qi Neutral Bitter, astringnet LU, ST Stops hiccup, ST Qi downward 3-12g None
Herbs that Stop Bleeding
1. Stop Bleeding when Spleen cannot hold blood, there is excessive yang, and blood stasis. example: bloody nose.
2. These herbs invigorate the blood.
San Qi Herbs that Stop Bleeding Warm Sweet, Bitter Liv, ST Stops bleeding without causing blood stasis, transforms blood stasis, reduces sweeling, stops pain. 3-9g raw, 1-1.5 powder Pregnancy
Pu Huang Herbs that Stop Bleeding Neutral Acrid, sweet Liv, HT, SP Stops bleeding, removes blood stasis, promotes urination 3-9g pregnancy, polen allergy
Qian Cao Gen Herbs that Stop Bleeding Cold Bitter HT, Liv Cools blood, stops bleeding, removes stasis, 9-15 g cold def. ST/SP, fire, yin def.
Da Ji Herbs that Stop Bleeding Cool Sweet Liv, SP, HT Invigorates and cools blood, stops bleeding, reduce swelling, edema, jaundice, hypertension 9-15g cold def. ST/SP
Xiao Ji Herbs that Stop Bleeding Cool Sweet Liv, HT, Cools blood, stops bleeding, promotes urination, blood stasis 9-30g cold def, ST/SP, diarrhea
Di Yu Herbs that Stop Bleeding Slight cold, Bitter sour Liv, LI, ST Cools heat in the Blood, stops bleeding, resolves toxicity, restrains and inhibit, 9-15g cold def. or blood stasis
Huai Mi Herbs that Stop Bleeding Cool Bitter Liv, LI, Cools the blood, clears heat, stops bleeding, lower burner and hemmeroids 4.5-9g cold def. SP/ST
Ce Bai Ye Herbs that Stop Bleeding Slight cold, Bitter, Astringent, LU, LIV, LI Cools heat, inhibits bleeding, stops cough, hair issues, post partum issues, bronchitis in elderly 6-15g combine with other herbs
Bai mao Gen Herbs that Stop Bleeding Sweet Cold LU, ST,SI, BL Cools blood, stops bleeding, clears heat in LU, ST, promotes urinatin, diabetes 9-30g cold ST/sp
Zhu Ma Gen Herbs that Stop Bleeding Cold Sweet HT, Liv Stop Bleeding, cools blood, promote urine, calms fetus 9-30g none
Zi Zhu Herbs that Stop Bleeding Cool Bitter, Astringnet Liv, Lu, ST Cools heat, resolves toxicity, stops bleeding 9-15g cold from deficiency patients.
Xian He Cao Herbs that Stop Bleeding Neutral Bitter Astrignet Lu, Liv, SP Binds and inhibits bleeding 6-12g patients with active pathogens
Bai Ji Herbs that Stop Bleeding Cool Bitter, sweet LU, ST, Liv. Restrains to stop bleeding, reduces swelling, generates flesh 3-15g excess heat and fire, pre-existing lung issues,coughing blood
Ou Jie (lotus rhizome node) Herbs that Stop Bleeding Neutral Sweet, astringent LU, ST, Liv. Stop bleeding,remove blood stasis 9-15g none
Ai Ye (mugwort) Herbs that Stop Bleeding Warm Bitter,acrid SP, Liv, KD Dispels cold-damp, stoppain due tocold, stops bleeding, calms fetus during pregnancy 3-9g heat with yin def.
Chuan Xiong Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Acrid Liv, GB, PC Invigorate the blood, promote movement of qi, expels wind, stops pain. 3-9 g, 1-1.5 powder pregnancy, fire from yin def., dry mouth
Dan Shen (Salvia root) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Cold bitter HT, PC, Liv Invigortes blood, tonifies blood, calms irritiability due to blood heat 6-15g pregnancy, toxic with Li Lu.
Jie xue Teng Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm bitter sweet HT, Liv, SP Invigorate the blood, tonifies blood, soothes the sinews and invigorates the collaterals. 9-15g profuse menses
Yan Hu Suo (Corydalis rhizome) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Acrid, bitter HT Liv, St. Invigorate the blood, strongly stop pain. 3-9g pregnancy
Yu Jin Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Cold Acrid,Bitter HT, Lung , Liv Cools the blood, breaks up stasis, promotes the movement of qi, relieveconstraint 6-12g pregnancy
Jiang Huang (Tumeric) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Acrid, bitter Sp, ST, Liv Invigorates the blood, breaks up blood stasis, drives Qi downward, treats wind-damp painful obstructions 3-9g pregnancy
Yi Mu Cao Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Cold Acrid, bitter HT, Liv, BL Invigorates blood, regulates menstruation, facilitates urination, resolves toxicity 9-15g yin def. and pregnancy
Chong Wei Zi Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Cold Sweet Liv, SP Invigorate blood, clear Liver, brighten eyes 3-9g pregnancy caution, dilated pupils
Ze Lan Herbs that Invigorate the Blood warm Acridbitter Liv, SP Gently invigorates blood w/o injuring normal qi, promotes urination. 9-15g pregnancy, blood def.
Hu Zhang Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Cold bitter Liv, GB, Lu Invigorates blood, eliminates wind, expels dampness, transforms phlegm, cools heat, resolves toxicity 9-15g pregnancy
Chi Shao (Red peony root) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Cold Bitter, sour Liv, SP Invigorates blood, transformsstasis, stopspain, cools heat in the blood 6-15g cold from def.
Tao Ren (Peach kernel) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Neutral Bitter, sweet HT, LI, Liv, Lu Invigorates blood, dispels stasis,moistens intestines, stops cough and wheezing 4.5-9g pregnancy, blood def.
Hong Hua (Safflower) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Acrid HT, Liv Invigorates blood, stops pain 3-9g pregnancy, peptic ulcers
Fan Hong Hua (Saffron) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Cold Sweet HT, Liv Invigorates blood, dispels stasis, cools blood 1.5-6g pregnancy
E Zhu Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Bitter, acrid Liv, SP promotes movement of blood and qi, breaks up accumulations, reduces food stagnation 3-9g pregnancy
Ru Xiang (Frankincense) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Acrid, bitter HT, Liv, SP Invigorates blood, promotes movement of qi, stops pain, generates flesh 3-9g pregancy, toxic long term
Mo Yao (Myrrh) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Neutral Bitter HT, Liv, SP Breaks up blood stasis to stop pain, reduces swelling, generates flesh
Niu Xi Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Neutral Bitter, sour Liver, kd Unprepared: breaks up blood stasis, unblocks menstruation, guides blood to descend, directs fire downward, 3-9g pregancy, toxic long term
Prepared: tonifies the liver and kidneys, strengthens the sinews and bones 6-15g pregnancy, excessive menstruation
Wang Bu liu Xing Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Neutral Bitter Liv, ST Powerfully and rapidly invigorates the blood anddispersesclumpingand stasis 4.5-9g Pregnancy
Lu Lu Tong Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Neutral Bitter Liv, ST Invigorates Qi and blood, treats painful obstruction, facilitates urination 4.5-9g Pregnancy
Xue Jie (dragon’s blood) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Neutral Sweet, Salty HT, Liv Internally: invigorates blood, disperses stasis, stops pain, Externally for wounds, stop bleeding 1-1.5g pil/powder pregnancy and menstruation
Su Mu Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Neutral Sweet, salty, acrid HT, Liv, SP invigorates blood, expels stagnation, stops pain 3-9g pregnancy
Wu Ling Zhi (squirrel dung) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Bitter, sweet Liv Invigorates blood, stops pain, 3-9g (cotton bag) pregnancy
Jiang Xiang (scented rosewood) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Acrid Liv, SP, ST Disperse stasis, stop bleeding, arrest pain 3-6g blood heat
Herbs that Warm the Middle and Expel Cold
These herbs address when External cold and internal cold dominate a patient. They are uses to arouse the Yang Qi. By aiding the Yang qi, it also prevents Yang collapse.
If patient has aversion to cold,pale, complexion, cold hands and feet, cold limbs, thin pulse and pale tongue. These are some good herbs to use.
They warm Spleen and kidneys and tonify Yang, but are primary to expel internal cold.
Acrid, warm, drying, you must match carefully with tonifying herbs. Avoid with pregnant women.
Zhi Fu Zi (sichuan aconite duaght root) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot, toxic Acrid Ht, KD, SP Revives devastated Yang, Tonifies fire at gate of life, guides action of other herbs into the 12 channesl, expels cold-damp painful obstruction 3-15g Yin def., abundant yang, pregnancy
Zhi Chaun Wu (Sichuan aconite main root) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot , toxic Acrid, bitter Liv, SP Dispels wind, eliminates dampness, warms the channels, disperses cold, stops pain, cold painful obstruction 1.5-4.5g Yin def, yang excess, pregnancy.
Zhi Cao Wu (Wild aconite root) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot, very toxic Acrid, bitter, Liv., SP, KD Scours out wind, disperese cold, eliminates pain from cold, breaks up accumulation due to qi stagnation 1.5-3g none.
Gan Jiang (Dried ginger) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot Acrid HT, LU, SP/ST Warms Spleen, tansforms thin mucous, unblocks channels, revives yang. 3-9g Internal heat, yin def., blood heat, pregnancy.
Rou Gui (Cinnamon bark) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot Acrid, sweet HT, KD, Liv, SP Warms and Tonifies Yang, disperses cold, promotesmovementof blood 1.5-4.5g Blazing fire and yin def. interior heat, pregnancy.
Wu Zhu Yu (Evodia fruit) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot, slight toxic Acrid, bitter Liv. SP, ST Strongly warms middle and lower jiao, stop nausea and vomiting due to cold, alleviate cold pain in chest and abdomen 1.5-4.5g
Hua Jiao (sichuan pepper) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot, slight toxic Acrid KD, SP, ST Warms the middle, disperse cold, stoppain, kills parasites, tonifies fire at gate of life. 3-6g pregnancy, blazing fire.
Gao Liang Jiang Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot Acrid SP/ST Warms the Stomach, disperses cold, stops pain, directs rebellious qi downward. 3-9g heat w/ yin def.
Ding Xiang (Cloves) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Warm Acrid KD,SP/ST Warms the middle, directs ST qi down, treats hiccup, fortifies KD Yang. 1-3g Internal heat.
Xiao Hui Xiang (Fennel fruit) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Warm Acrid Liv/KD/SP/ST Harmonize the middle, warms lower burner, treats bulding disorders 3-9g Blzaing fire from yin. def.
Bi Ba (long pepper fruit) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot acrid ST, LI Warms middle burner, releasses constraint cold in intestines 1.5-4.5g yin def and heat.
Hu Jiao (black pepper) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot Acrid ST, LI Eliminates pathogenic cold in ST and LI 1.5-3g pregnancy.