Two very different Chinese terms: “Jin Lu” is path of Power for “fa jin” “emitting force” and “Jing Luo” is the qi paths used in acupuncture.
勁 Jin/Chin is intrinsic strength
The chin [intrinsic strength] should be
rooted in the feet,
generated from the legs,
controlled by the waist, and
manifested through the fingers.
Training these Jin Lu pathways (path of intrinsic force) is not so hard. Joint loosening warm-up’s, stretches found in the Yi Jin Jing (Shaoln muscle change classic), Ba dua Jin (8 Piece Brocade qigong), Hua To’s 5 animals, Kung fu stretching, Stance work, and Taijiquan form will all work on the Jin Lu pathways. This will in turn have an effect on the muscle tendon areas and Jing luo (acupuncture meridians) found in the meridian theory of acupuncture.
In my opinion, the clever use of linking up Yi (Intent), Qi (vital force), and LI (physical structure) into the Yin and Yang Arm and Leg “tendon-muscular” regions described in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is the secret of Jin Lu. It is nothing extraordinary, nor mystical. It happens everyday whether you know it or not while you train Taijiquan Tao Lu (forms). It has rather become a trendy term to talk about the “Secrets of Jin”, however it is rarely talked about. Most competent masters do not even discuss this, it is usually scholarly folks on discussion boards that bring up these terms and translations.
In regards to this information: It comes from several sources:
First of all, back in 1996 before we went to Shanghai China for the 3rd Shanghai Wushu Festival, our Sifu Weiqi He had some special private training for the competitors who will be doing the group Yang Taijiquan form. In this training, she said that many of these details of pathways would come as feeling in the hands and fingers and that one of Yang Chen Fu’s scholarly students wrote about them in detail in one of the books. I can only think that would of been Chen Wei Ming or Tung Yie Jie.
However Mastering Yang Style Taijiquan by Fu Zhong Wen translated by Louis Swaim also touches on them.
Fu Zhong Wen with Yang Chen Fubook by Louis Swaim
Jin Lu are almost about the same except I used the classical names having learned them from TCM school: Yang ming, Tai Yang, Shao yang, Tai Yin, Shao yin, Jue yin). Our teacher Sifu Weiqi, like Louis’s translation of Fu Zhong Wen’s book, was how I was originally taught using: which finger, wrist, Ulna, and Radius bones, palm, etc. Her English was just good enough to have totally new feeling when performing the form. Our form performance is here: https://youtu.be/p7bzfR4ajZo?t=2m6s
see 2:00 minute mark: USA Yongnian Taijiquan Team in Shanghai China
First Place, 1996.
Louis Swaim who translated Fu Zhong Wen’s books says:
“I think that section (especially pages 39-42) in Fu Zhongwen’s book on jindian 勁點 (energy points), yunjin 運勁 (moving jin), and jinlu 勁路 (jin paths) is one of the best features of the book. I think it’s a succinct, intuitive way of understanding and expressing optimal body mechanics, but more importantly how the intent directs movement. As Fu stated, “In using the consciousness to thread to a given position, the consciousness arrives, then the jin arrives–the place where the consciousness is concentrated will then have a resulting sensation.” (p. 42)
To my knowledge, neither Dong Yingjie nor Chen Weiming wrote extensively on jinlu. However, you might want to check out Chen Yanlin’s writings in Brennan’s translation here: https://brennantranslation.wordpress.co … en-yanlin/
Chen Yanlin used the term several times. In the section on Neutralization (huajin 化勁）it appears twice, where Brennan translates as “the path of his energy” and “the path of your energy.” Then in the splendid section on Issuing (fajin 發勁)，it appears in the opening sentence to an excellent paragraph that really summarizes jinlu: “When you begin to learn issuing, you should first know the pathways of energy [勁路].” Later, in the section on Break (jue 撅), it appears in the phrase, 而己亦不能知敵之勁路矣, which Brennan translates: “and you will also be unable to know the path of the opponent’s energy.”
Techniques for Tui Shou, Da Shou, San Shou:
The second time I heard about “12 special regions” (that sounded like the 12 tendon area at least) was from Tui Na Massage and Taijiquan teacher Madame LeAnne Gehan who was taught the 36 Liang Gong Shir Ba Fa set along with a class that did theses 2x each: 24 yang form, the 48 Combined (Chen, Yang, Wu, and Sun) form, and the 42 Taiji Sword (Chen, Yang, Wu, and Sun)form . She said that the Liang Gong Shir Ba Fa trained the body well, it was combined for that uses the Ba Dua Jin, Hua To’s 5 animals, the Yi Jin Jing (Muscle changing classics), and more. Madame Gehan said there are 12 tendon/meridian systems that link up to the head. Her English was poor and so she used a translator. Since then, when seriously injured, I would fall back on the 36 Liang Gong Shir Ba Fa set.
The third teacher to talk about meridian systems to me and Taijiquan is Sifu Cheng Xianhao. He translated alot of material and wasa long time student of Master Zhu Liang Fang in association with Jiang Yang-ke, a disciple of Yang Chen Fu. They are from Hangzhou China, just south of Shanghai. Xianhao competed in push hands and worked with many push hands players in Hangzhou. Hangzhou Taiiquan team at one time was second in the country. One of the champions of that team taught xianhao a gong set that he used for competition and so it was normally are “pre-push hands power qigong” as a warm- up set.
Sample of a few of the Power gongs for Tui shou
Jing Luo, not the same and Jin Lu but I want to talk about them
Pathways in which qi and blood of the human body are circulated. Pertain to Zang-fu organs interior and extend over the body exterior, forming a network and linking the tissues and organs into a organic whole.
Jing luo- composed from two words, jing mai (經脈) or meridian channels and the luo mai (絡脈) “collaterals”.
Jing- meridians- the main trunk, run longitudinally and interior within the body.
Lou- collateral- represent branches of the meridians, run transversely and superficially from the meridians.
System of meridians and collateral’s:
12 Regular (Internal and External pathways)
12 Tendon/muscle regions
12 Cutaneous regions
Xianhao’s translation on Taijiquan and Meridian pathways.
1. Beginning of Taiji:
2. Grasp the Sparrow’s Tail: This posture also promotes stimulation to lung, large intestine, heart, pericardium and triple warmer (the 6 hand related) meridians, which can function as a release for the heart and a draining of the lungs of sick “Qi”. nourish the heart and calm the mind. “Qi” to the earth through the bubbling well accupoint also plays a role in increasing the strength of the kidney meridian.
3. Single Whip: As the waist turns left, the left kidney slightly sinks down and the right one slightly floats up. This soft motion is excellent for massaging the kidneys. This posture also exercises the stomach, the urine bladder and the “Ren Mai” and “Du Mai” meridians. Since the wrist is the spot where most meridians connect, the Single Whip wrist motion stimulates all the meridians at the same time, which helps the healthy coordination of the total body function.
4. Lift Hands: These movements will benefit the heart, stomach, spleen, kidney, urine bladder, and gall bladder and liver meridians.
5. White Crane Spreads its Wings: the triple warmer meridian and adjusts the “Qi” and blood circulation. It functions as cleaning for the liver and nourishing the lungs, strengthens the stomach and spleen, and calms the mind as well. The motion in the feet and heels also stimulate the stomach and liver meridians.
6. Brush Knee and Push: emphasizes “Laogong” and “Bubbling Well” accu-points. stimulates the lung, heart, pericardium and kidney meridians.
7. Playing Guitar: This posture stimulates the “He Gu” and “Shen Men” accu-points which can help unblock the Lung, Large Intestine, Small Intestine and Heart meridians.
8. Ward Off Monkey: During this posture one side of the waist that steps back feels like it is floating upward, while the other side, with the substantial step may feel like it is sinking down. This motion massages one’s kidney which strengthens the kidney function and benefits the belt, “Ren” and “Du” meridians. It helps the circulation of “Qi” and the blood circulation so as to be helpful for balancing the body’s total function
9. Diagonal Flying: In this posture, the right arm stretches up high while the left arm moves downward. This forms a posture with a diagonal extended direction, which also extends the body upward. This allows the release of stale air and the intake of more fresh air. Thus, it exercises the lung meridian, and improves the flow of both “Qi” and blood. Because of the focus in the toes, it also stimulates the three “Ying” and “Yang” meridians of the foot.
10. Fist Under Elbow: This posture has us dropping the right wrist with the mind focused on the “Shen men” acu-point, while holding the right fist inward. This stimulates the meridians linked with the wrists and gets the “Qi” moving. With the right foot stepping on “Bubbling Well” acupoint and left foot insubstantially stepping on the heel with the toes up, it efficiently exercises the heart, kidney, liver and spleen meridians, which adjusts and compensates the “Qi” of the heart and kidney, and also helps the “Qi” pass through the triple warmer meridian, and strengthens the waist and knee.
11. Picking Up the Needle From the Sea Bottom: This technique bends the waist, sinks the “Kua”, and drops the shoulder all at the same time, which extends and stretches the back muscles on the side of the spine. In addition, it stimulates the urine bladder, which can improve the blood circulation and promotes the healthy function of immune system.
12. Fan Through the Back: The opening and spreading out of the arms to the opposite directions opens the chest and the lungs, which stimulates the heart, pericardium and lung meridians. This posture can increase the lung capacity, raise the heart function, and improve the blood circulation. In addition, the stepping on the bubbling well acupoint can strengthen the “Qi” flow in the kidney meridian.
13. Turn Around and Chop: The turning in this posture flow enables the waist to loosen and tighten on each side. It exercises the urine bladder, liver and gall bladder meridians. When loosely holding the fists with middle fingers lightly pressuring on the “Laogong” acupoint, it stimulates the pericardium and triple warmer meridians and drains these meridians.
14. Wave Hands Like Clouds: The smooth turning of the waist to both sides along with the flowing arm movements exercises the neck, chest and abdomen muscles in a wide, effective range. This posture stimulates the related meridians especially “Ren” and “Du” meridians, which improve the “Qi” and blood circulation to the extremities and internal organs. This then can help the healing of related conditions such as spinal pain, nervous system problems, urination problems, and abdomen bloating or pain.
15. Fair Lady works on the Shuttles: Through the changing of “substantial” and “unsubstantial” weight distribution of the legs, the arms turning in different directions, and the distinct waist motion, this four-sequence posture exercises the muscles and meridians in head/neck, chest, abdomen, crotch and hip. The smooth contracting and releasing of muscles stimulate the production of heat and metabolic chemicals that increases the metabolic rate and activate the body’s meridians. More important, this motion will also activate the resting immune cells. Because of the rhythmical turning of the body, it also stimulates the front chest and causes the stimulation of the chest gland that can release substantial amount of active immune peptide compounds. These substances can play a role in the monitoring of mutation of cells (cancer) and destroying them.
16. High Pat On The Horse: This technique emphasizes the exercise of the abdomen muscles. The contraction and release of the abdomen muscles can improve the blood circulation of the organs in the abdomen area to stimulate “Qi” in the “Ren” meridian (Reception vessel), kidney and liver meridians.
17. Separate Legs ( left and right) The movements of arms and legs in large angles stimulate the twelve hand and leg meridians. These have certain functions in aiding the healing the chest, lung, eyes, throat, spleen, stomach, liver and kidney problems.
18. Turn Around And Kick: This posture stimulates the six (Ying and Yang) hand and leg meridians and has the same benefits as Separate Legs (above).
19. Hit The Tiger: The motion of the hands and fingers in this technique can exercise the twelve hand and leg meridians. In addition, the stepping on the “Bubbling Well” accu-points and the rolling on the heels will stimulate the kidney meridian, which will improve the facial “Qi” and blood circulation. This improved Qi and Blood circulation can act to produce positive reactions in the brain, which in turn can depress, or release possible pathological problems caused by chronic decease and then stimulate healing.
20. Hit The Ears: The high hitting with fists stimulates the six hand meridians. The extending and opening of the back muscles stimulate “Ren”, “Du”, “Belt” and “Chong” meridians and the urine meridian. The solid stepping on the “Bubbling Well” accu-points helps to strengthen the “Qi” of the kidney. All of these functions play an excellent role in adjusting the “Qi” and blood circulation, which benefits the healing and prevention of urinary and gynecological problems.
21. Kick With Heel: The smooth and big motion of the leg and arms in an extended range can help increase the blood circulation in the heart, and air circulation in the lung. This helps the “Qi” and blood flow fluently, which balances the internal organs. The arms split apart along with the kicking motion stretches the tendons and muscles, which is helpful for healing any damage in the joints and soft tissues.
22. Golden Rooster Stands on One Leg: Standing on one leg alternately exercises and strengthens the abdomen muscles, and stimulates the movement of the intestines. These movements can eliminate extravasated blood, promote good blood circulation, and regulate the function of the female reproduction organs. This posture can also help develop a healthy liver, gall bladder, spleen and eye health.
23. Snake Sticks out Poison Tongue: The rhythmic turning around exercises the gall bladder, and liver meridians. In addition, the closing and opening of the palms with one’s mental intent exercises the pericardium and triple warmer meridians. The exercise of these meridians has the function of calming the mind and sharpening the eyes, as well as prevents or heals problems in the liver, gall bladder, heart and blood system etc.
24. Punch Downward: This posture puts an emphasis on the alternate substantial and unsubstantial motion of one’s left and right chest muscles. It exercises the nervous system along the spine, and stretches the back muscles. The gall bladder meridian passes through on both sides of the spine. Stimulation of the gall bladder meridian can raise the body’s immune ability and heal related organs.
25. Snake Creeps Down: The opening of the hip ensures the replenishment of both “Qi” and blood in the abdomen area. Also, this posture allows for the release of tightness of the spine vertebrae one by one during the movement. This posture also makes the sacrum fit and loose, and internal energy pours into “Hui Yin” accu-point, which increases the “Qi” in “Ren”, “Du” and “Chong” meridians. This posture has the function of increasing the “Yuan Qi”, and improving kidney function, which in turn benefits the healing of any problems associated with urination, semen emission, prostate, hemorrhoids, and a prolapsed anus.
26. Step Up to Form Seven Stars: From Snake Creeps Down to Stepping up To Form Seven Stars, the internal “Qi” moves from the “Hui Yin” to “Chang Qiang” accu-points then to the “Bai Hui”accu-point. This posture strengthens the “Qi” in both the “Ren” and “Du” meridians, which has the function of releasing excess heat, being good for the brain, and massaging the liver. In addition, it can lift the internal organs for those who have internal organs that have dropped down.
27. Step Back and Ride The Tiger: As the arms form a ring like shape pointing in opposite directions, the upper body opens and extends, which can function in regulating the breathing, cleaning the liver and nourishing the lungs, stomach and spleen. This position of the feet can exercise the six foot meridians so that it benefits the adjustment of the triple warmer meridian, and in turn stimulates the circulation of the blood and causes the muscles and joints to relax.
28. Turn Around With Lotus Kick: The Lotus Kick allows the abdomen, back and chest muscles to have a spiral motion, which increases the stimulation of the twelve hand and leg meridians all at the same time. This benefits the circulation of blood and “Qi”, in the chest and abdomen, which prevents or heals any problems with one’s breathing, heart, blood circulation and nervous systems.
29. Shooting the Tiger: With this posture the “Baihui” will be up and “Yongquan” down. This technique strengthens the flow of the internal “Qi” from the “Baihui” to “Yongquan”. It stimulates the “Du Mai” and kidney meridians. The motion of the coiling fists and arms will also benefit the heart, small intestine, pericardium, and trip warmer meridians. According to modern medical theories, this coiling motion of the arms and wrists can relieve pressure on the neck arteries which can reduce blood pressure and expand the coronary arteries.
30. Twist Step and Chop: The coiling motion of the arms and wrists stimulates the small intestine, pericardium, heart, stomach, and liver meridians. This is helpful in healing problems with digestion, rib pain and the problems caused by these related meridians.
31. Apparent Closing: This posture stimulates both the “Lao Gong” accu-point (on the middle of palm), and “Bubbling Well” accu-point (on the bottom of foot). It strengthens the pericardium and kidney meridians, which is helpful in preventing and healing problems associated with the heart, blood circulation, digestion, reproduction and the urinary tract
32. Cross Hands: The opening and closing of arms in a large range of motion increases the oxygen intake by the lungs and heart, which also strengthens the meridians of the heart and lungs. Stepping solid on the “Bubbling Well” accu-point increases the “Qi” in the kidney meridian. This may efficiently increase the practitioner’s vitality so as to prevent or heal problems with the heart, circulation and breathing
33. Closing of Taiji: “Bubbling Well” acu-points, stimulates the lung, large intestine and kidney meridians.
Extraordinary Vessels in TCM
Part II: BAguazhang: Training “48 month palm” with Sifu Park Bok Nam and Gao Baguzhang Tian gongs with George Wood.