TCM diet

Traditionally the chinese way of eating is based on ‘Qi’ energy. This is done to maximize the daily amount of qi that we are given. It is important to note that many indigneous cultures seem to have naturally figured out what is best suited for them. For instance- those in tropical regions tend to eat what naturally cools them down, while those in polar regions tend to eat what will keep them warm. The diet is based on some of the principles of the macrobiotic diet- which is eating according to where you are. Currently I am living in a North American temperate zone that has four seasons- winter, spring, summer and fall so I must adjust my diet to this climate. If I were to move to a polar or tropical temperate zone then I should change accordingly, but because I am a zone that has 4 seasons, I must not eat as if I were in any other zone. This means that tropical fruits and vegetables, imported fruits and vegetables from europe, asia, africa, ect. are really of no use for me. If I were to live in India then it is good to eat the foods there, including curry and spicy which will make a person sweat to prevent heat exhaustion or heat stroke, however the Indian diet is not important for my current living zone. The best concentration of food sources are local and regional areas. Another good thing to consider in diet is organic food sources. Today our meats and vegetables are not fully raised properly. Livestock is often raised in factory type settings, farms may be using pesticides, and fields may be depleated from minerals in the soil.

The chinese diet is based on thousands of years of research in many Taoist monasteries. These places have researched the energies of the diet for health and medical benefits. The food energies are based on 5 energy types. Cold food energy is a weak force that makes the person feel generally tired. Cool food energy generally has a cooling effect on the persons system. Warm food energy have a warming and nourshing effect on the human body. Fire food energy is strong and has a heating effect that generally makes the person seem to have alot of energy, but is the most dangerous of them all. Neutral food energies are more used for people who have attained stable health. The cold and fire foods are the ones to avoid because they throw the ‘qi’ off balance by being extremes. A combination of these cold and hot/fire extremes leads to ‘Empty Fire’ leading to serious imbalances.

Meats-
5 elements differentiation-
Wood-chicken
Fire-lamb
Earth-cow
Metal-horse
Water-pig
Beef: neutral, sweet, Sp & St Qi & Blood Tonic
Lamb:
warm, sweet, Sp, Ki, Qi Tonic, Warms Interior
Ham: warm, salty, Sp Qi Tonic, Produces fluids, subdues Reb. Qi
Pork: neutral, sweet & salty, Sp, St. Ki, Lubricates dryness (Ni: si. cold)
POULTRY
Duck:
neutral, sweet & salty, Lu, Ki, Facilitates water passage, reduces, swellings
Chicken:
warm, sweet, Sp, St. Qi Tonic, Warms Interior
EGGS
Chicken egg:
neutral, sweet. Blood tonic, lubricates dryness
Egg white:
cool, sweet. detoxifies, lubricates Lu, coos hot sensations, benefits throat
Egg yolk:
neutral, sweet, Ht & Ki, blood tonic, lubricates dryness
Neutral
Chinese cabbage:
neutral, sweet, St & LI, promotes digestion & urination, tonifies Ki & Brain.
Carrot:
neutral, sweet, Lu & St. Sp Qi tonic, dries dampness & Phlegm
Corn: neutral, sweet, St & LI, Qi & Blood tonic, regulates Middle Jiao stimulates appetite, diuretic
Black Fungus:
neutral, sweet. St & LI, Qi & Blood tonic, cools Blood, stops bleeding
White Fungus:
neutral, sweet, Lu, Yin tonic, produces fluids, lubricates Lu
Pumpkin:
neutral, sweet. (Lu & Sp), Qi & Blood tonic, dries Damp, diaphoretic
Potato:
neutral, sweet. Sp, Sp Qi tonic, heals inflammation
Sweet Potato:
neutral, sweet. Lu, Sp & Ki, Qi, Blood & Yin tonic, benefits Kidneys, astringes Jing
Shiitake Mushroom:
neutral, sweet. St. Qi & Blood tonic, benefits St
Celery:
neutral, sweet bitter, St & Liv, Qi & Blood tonic, clears Heat. sedates Yang, dries Damp, calms Liver, expels Wind
Taro: neutral, sweet & pungent. St & LI, Qi, Yang & Blood tonic, circulates Qi & Blood, clears Heat. reduces swellings
Turnip:
neutral, sweet. pungent. bitter, Qi, Yang & Blood tonic, circulates Qi & Blood, clears Heat & Yang, dries Damp, diaphoretic, lowers Reb. Qi, detoxifies Yin tonic, clears Heat & Fire, dries Damp, clears Lu, lubricates Dryness, diaphoretic

Eggshell:
checks gastric acid, arrests bleeding
DAIRY
Milk: neutral, sweet, Ht, Lu, St. Lu & St tonic, produces fluids & lubricates the intestines
Butter:
warm, sweet, Yang, Qi & Blood tonic, circulates blood
SEAFOOD
Shrimp:
warm, sweet, Kidney Yang tonic
Eel: warm, sweet, Liv, Sp, Ki, Qi tonic, treats Bi syndrome, strengthens bone
Mussel:
warm, salty, Liv & Ki Qi tonic, treats simple goiter
Abalone:
neutral, sweet & salty, detoxifies, sharpens vision
Shark:
neutral, sweet & salty, Sp, Tonifies Qi, Blood, & Yin lubricates dryness, reduces swelling, tonifies S Zang
Carp: neutral, sweet, Sp & St, facilitates water passage, promotes milk secretion, heals swelling
Cuttlefish:
neutral, salty, Liv & Ki, Blood tonic, sharpens vision
Oyster;
neutral, sweet & salty, Blood tonic
Oyster shell:
cool, salty, Liv & Ki, stops sweating, astringes Jing, softens hardness Saltwater clam:
cold, salty, St. promotes water passage, elimir;ates phlegm, softens hardness
Freshwater clam: S
cold, sweet & salty, Liv & Ki, detoxifies, sharpens vision
Crab: cold, salty, Liv & St, activates blood, cools heat sensations facilitates recovery of dislocations
Kelp: cold, salty, St. softens hardness, facilitates water passage

GRAINS
Five element differentiation
Wood-wheat
Fire-corn
Earth-grain
Metal-rice
Water-bean
Glutinous rice:
warm, sweet, Sp, St. Lu, Sp Qi tonic
Malt: si. warm, sweet, Sp & St. promotes digestion
White rice:
neutral, sweet, Sp & St. Sp Qi tonic
Rice bran:
neutral, sweet & pungent, St, LI, descends energy
Rye: neutral, bitter, dries dampness, diuretic
Whole wheat:
cool, sweet, Ht, Sp, Ki, Ht & Ki tonic
Wheat bran:
cool, sweet, St, cools St Fire,
Buckwheat:
cool, sweet, LI, St, Sp, Qi & Blood tonic, clears Heat sedates Yang,
Job’s Tears:
cool, sweet, Sp, Lu Ki, detoxifies, Sp & Lu Qi tonic, diuretic
Barley:
cool, sweet.& salty, Sp & St. regulates St, expands intestines, promotes urination
Millet:
cool, sweet & salty, St. Sp, Ki, Qi & Blood tonic, clears heat, lubricates dryness, Tonifies Yin, benefits digestion detoxifies

LEGUMES
Soybean Oil:
hot, pungent & sweet, lubricates intestines Sword bean: warm, sweet, Ki, St & LI: warms interior, tonifies Ki, descends Reb Qi.
String bean:
neutral, sweet, Sp & Ki, Qi, Blood & Yin tonic
Yellow soybean:
neutral, sweet, Sp & LI, Qi tonic, lubricates dryness, eliminates edema
Black soybean:
neutral, sweet, Sp & Ki, circulates Blood & fluids treats Bi syndrome, detoxifies
Corn:
neutral, sweet, LI & St, Qi & Blood tonic, diuretic
Hyacinth bean:
neutral, sweet, Sp & St, Qi tonic, eliminates edema
Broad bean:
neutral, sweet, Sp & St, Qi tonic, eliminates edema
Peas: neutral, sweet, Sp & St, Qi & Blood tonic, descends Reb Qi, diuretic, induces bowel movements Kidney bean:
neutral, sweet & bland, diuretic, heals swellings
AdZUkI bean:
neutral, sweet & sour, Ht & SI, diuretic, heals swellings, detoxifies
Castor bean:
neutral, sweet & pungent, Lu & LI, detoxifies & heals swellings, induces bowel movements
Mung bean:
cool, sweet, Ht & St. detoxifies, clears heat, diuretic
Soybean:
cool, sweet, LI & Sp, Qi & Blood tonic, clears Heat, lubricates dryness, eliminates edema
Tofu: cool, sweet, Sp, St, LI, Qi tonic, produces fluids, lubricates dryness, detoxifies NUTS
Walnut:
warm, sweet, Ki & Lu, Ki tonic, lubricates intestines, astringes Jing
Chestnut:
warm sweet, Sp, St & Ki tonic, circulates Blood & stops bleeding

vegetables
Asparagus:
cool, sweet & bitter, Lu & Ki, Qi, Blood & Yin tonic, clears Heat & Fire, dries Damp, lubricates Dryness, clears Lu, diaphoretic
Lettuce (Iceberg):
cool, bitter & sweet, St & LI, Qi & Blood tonic, clears Heat & Yang, dries Dampness & diuretic, aids lactation
Cucumber:
cool, sweet, Sp. St & LI, clears Heat Yang, & detoxifies, promotes urination & quenches thirst
Eggplant:
cool, sweet, Sp, St & LI, Qi & Blood tonic, clears Heat & Yang, removes Blood Stagnation, relieves pain, heals swelling
Mushroom (button):
cool, sweet, Lu, LI, St & Sp, Qi & Blood tonic, clears Heat & Yang, calms Shen, stimulates appetite, regulates Qi, transforms Phlegm
Spinach:
cool, sweet, LI & SI, Qi & Blood tonic, clears Heat & Yang, hemostatic, lubricates Dryness
Winter Melon:
cool, sweet, Lu, LI, UB, & SI, detoxifies, diuretic, transforms Phlegm
Swiss Chard:
cool, sweet, Su, LI, Sp & St. Qi Y Blood tonic, clears Heat & Yang, detoxifies, hemostatic, relieves coagulations
Watercress:
cool, sweet & pungent, Lu & St. Qi, Yang & Blood tonic, circulates Qi & Blood, clears Heat & Yang, lubricates Lu, quenches thirst, diuretic
Radish:
cool, pungent & sweet, Lu & St. Qi, & Blood tonic, clears Heat & detoxifies, transforms Phlegm-Heat, lowers Reb. Qi
Bamboo shoot:
cold, sweet, Tonifies Qi, Blood & Yin, clears Heat, detoxifies (often used to balance warm energy of meat)
Kelp: cold, salty, St & Sp, Yin tonic, clears Heat, lubricates Dryness, softens Hardness, promotes flow of Water
Lotus Root:
cold, sweet, Sp St & Ht, Qi, Blood & Yin tonic, cools Blood (when raw), stimulates appetite, produces muscles, relieves diarrhea (when cooked)

Peanut-
, SWeet, sp & lu,
Peanut Oil:
neutral, sweet, Qi & Blood tonic, lubricates intestines, pushes accumulations downward
Almond:
neutral, sweet, Lu, Qi & Blood tonic, lubricates Lu, relieves cough, transforms phlegm, lowers Reb Qi
SEEDS
Cottonseed:
hot, pungent, Sp & Ki, Sp & Ki tonic, arrests bleeding, stops Sp Qi sinking
Sunflower seed:
warm & neutral, sweet & bland, Liv & LI, stops diarrhea, facilitates eruption of measles, subdue Liv
Pinenut:
warm, sweet, Lu, LI & Liv, lubricates Lu & LI, stops cough, Qi, Yang & Blood tonic, promotes fluids, moves Stagnant Blood, expels cold & wind
Dill seed:
warm, pungent, Sp & Ki, Qi & Yang tonic, moves Stagnant Blood, regulates Qi, expels cold
Fennel seed:
warm, pungent, St. UB & Ki, Qi & Yang tonic, moves Stagnant Blood, regulates Qi, expels cold, harmonizes St
Bitter apricot seed:
warm, pungent & bitter, toxic, Lu & LI, stops cough, relieves asthma, lubricates intestines
Sweet apricot seed:
warm, pungent & sweet, Lu, LI, Sp, Sp Qi tonic, lubricates intestines, stops cough
Sesame seed:
sI. warm, sweet, Liv & Ki tonic, lubricates intestines, “blackens” gray hair, general tonic
Black sesame seed:
neutral, sweet, Liv & Ki tonic
Cherry seed:
neutral, bitter & pungent, LI, promotes measle eruption, detoxifies
Lotus seed:
neutral, sweet & harsh, Sp, Ht & Ki tonic. Qi & Blood tonic, constricts the intestines

Warm
Guava:
warm, sweet, (St & LI) obstructive & constrictive, stops diarrhea & bleeding Chinese Date (red & black):
warm, sweet, Sp & St, Qi & Blood tonic, produces fluids, detoxifies,
Longan (Long Yan/Dragon’s Eyes):
warm, sweet, Sp & Ht, Yang, Qi & Blood tonic, removes Blood Stag., calms Shen Coconut milk & meat:
warm, sweet, produce fluids, promote urination, kills intestinal worms
Peach:
warm, sweet & sour, (Lu & LI), activates Blood, Qi, Blood & Yang tonic, produces fluid, lubricates intestines, stops cough, expels cold
Raspberry:
warm, sweet & sour, Liv & Ki, Liv & Ki tonic, controls urination, asringes Jing
Litchi:
warm, sweet & sour, Sp & Liv, Yang, Qi & Blood tonic, Regulates Qi & Blood, soothes Liv & calms Shen
Cherry:
warm, sweet & harsh: Qi, Yang, & Blood tonic, activates Qi & Blood, expels Cold, Wind, & Damp
Kumquat:
warm, pungent, sweet & sour, (Lu & Sp), circulates Qi, relieves cough, transforms Phlegm
Dried Mandarin orange peel:
warm, pungent & bitter, Sp & Lu, regulates Qi, dries dampness, transforms Phlegm Hawthorn Fruit:
sI. warm, sweet & sour, Sp, St & Liv, harmonizes Middle Jiao, removes Qi, Blood & Food
Stagnation (esp. meat), expels tapewonns
Neutral
Papaya:
neutral, sweet, (Sp, Si, Lu & LI), promotes digestiofl destroys intestinal worms, lubricates Lu, stops cough
Figs: neutral, sweet, Sp & U, St tonic, detoxifies
Grape:
neutral, sweet & sour, Lu, Sp & Ki, Qi & Blood tonic, strengthens tendons & bones, promotes urnaton
Crab apple:
neutral, sweet & sour, Ht, Liv & Lu, quenches thirst, stops diarrhea, astringes Jing
Olive:
neutral, sweet & sour, Lu & St. Qi & Blood tonic, clears Lu, benefits throat, produces fluids, detoxifies
Loquat:
neutral, (sweet & sI. bitter),(LU, St & Liv), lubricates dryness harmonizes St & soothes Liv, descends Reb. Qi, stops cough
Apricot:
neutral, sweet & sour, Lu, lubricates Lu, produces fluids
Pineapple
neutral, sweet & sour, Qi & Blood tonic, promotes urination & digestion, quenches thirst, stops diarrhea, clears Summer Heat
Plum:
neutral, sweet & sour, Liv & Ki, produces fluids, promotes digestion & urination, soothes the Liv
Sour Plum:
neutral, cx. sour, Liv, produces fluids, destroys worms

SPICES & HERBS
Dried Ginger:
hot, pungent, Lu, St & Sp, Yang & Qi tonic, circulates Blood, warms Middle Jiao, opens the meridians
Pepper (black & white):
hot, pungent, St & LI, warms interior, descends Reb. Qi
Pepper (red & green):
hot, pungent, Ht & Sp, warms interior, harmonizes Middle Jiao, stimulates appetite
Cinnamon Bark:
hot, sweet & pungent, Sp, Ki, UB, diaphoretic, strengthens St, warms surface & interior
Fennel Seed:
warm, pungent, Ki, IJB, St, Warms Interior, circulates Qi
Sweet Basil:
warm, pungent, Lu, LI, Sp, St, Qi & Yang tonic, circulates Qi & Blood, harmonizes St
Dillseed:
warm, pungent, Sp & Ki, Qi & Yang tonic, circulates Qi & Blood
Garlic:
warm, pungent, Sp, St & Lu, Qi & Yang tonic, circulates Qi & Blood, warms Middle Jiao, destroys worms
Clove:
warm, pungent, St, Sp & Ki, Yang tonic, warms Interior
Fresh Ginger:
warm, pungent, Lu, St & Sp, diaphoretic, Yang & Qi tonic, circulates Blood, transforms Phlegm, stops vomiting
Coriander:
warm pungent, Lu & Sp, diaphoretic, harmonizes Middle Jiao
Nutmeg:
warm pungent, Sp & LI, Qi & Yang tonic, warms Interior, circulates Blood, warms Middle Jiao, lowers Reb. Qi
Cinnamon Twig:
warm, pungent & sweet, UB, Ht, Lu, diaphoretic, warms Upper Jiao
Star Anise:
warm, pungent & sweet, Sp, Ki, Liv, Yang tonic, circulates Qi, harmonizes St, stops vomiting
Caraway Seed:
warm, si. pungent, Ki & St, circulates Qi, descends Reb Qi
Spearmint:
warm, pungent & sweet, (Lu & Sp), diaphoretic, circulates Qi & Blood
Ginseng:
warm, sweet, & si bitter, Sp, Lu (Ht), Qi tonic, produces fluids, calms Shen
Rosemary:
warm, pungent, (Lu, St), diaphoretic, activates Blood, strengthens St. calms Shen
Saffron:
neutral, sweet, Ht & Liv, circulates Qi & i3lood, eliminates Blood Stagnation
Licorice:
neutral, sweet, Sp, St & Lu, lubricates lungs, detoxifies, moderates effects of other herbs
Peppermint:
coot, pungent, Lu & Liv, diaphoretic, regulates Qi & Blood
Marjoram:
cool, pungent, (Lu & Sp), diaphoretic, circulates Qi, drains dampness

White sugar:
neutral, sweet, Lu & Sp, lubricates Lu, produces fluids, Qi tonic
Honey:
neutral, sweet, Lu, Sp & LI, detoxifies, lubricates dryness, relieves pain
Tea: si cold, bitter, sweet, Ht, Lu & St. quenches thirst, promotes digestion & urination, awakens Shen
Salt: cold, salty, St, Ki, SI & LI, detoxifies, clears Heat, lubricates dryness, Yin tonic
Brown sugar:
warm, sweet, Liv, Sp & StQi tonic, circulates blood
Vinegar:
warm, sour & bitter, Liv & St. disperses coagulations, detoxifies, arrest bleeding
Wine: warm, sweet, bitter & pungent, Ht, Liv, Lu & St, promotes blood circulation, expels cold, speeds up effects of herbs
Coffee:
warm, sweet & bitter, Ht, Heart tonic, stimulant, diuretic
Molasses:
warm sweet Lu & Sp Qi tonic lubricates Lu stops cough
., …. , .. .
seasame oil- cool,sweet. detoxifies lubricates dryness promotes bowel movemefl produces muscles
Cool
Lemon
cool, ex. sour, promotes fluids, harmonizes St, relieves thirst
cool, sweet & sour, (St & Lu), Qi & Blood tonic, benefits St. relieves vomiting, quenches thirst.
Mango:
diuretic
Mandarin Orange:
cool, sweet & sour, (Lu), diuretic, lubricates Lu, relieves cough, 1ransfOI Phlegm

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