Tui shou, Da shou, San shou, and Sparring: May-June 2014

Here are some of my more recent videos I have done. Being busy with day job, TCM school, and now baby Bryson, I wanted to collect some thoughts on these videos with Brian Allen on his visit down here. We got to get some training time on video.
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Tui Shou: pushing hands, sensing hands.

First we went over Tui Shou or “pushing hands” in a friendly non-compliant way, we started with a traditional opening and the formal tui shou pattern used in Yang family style. (not cheng man ching style). we agreed on using moving steps as restricted step is not practical in real-world situations. My objective was to be non-compliant, Brian would work on his recent seminar lessons with Sifu Mark Rasmus and try to neutralize, uproot, etc. 2 videos here.


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second video:

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Da Shou striking hands of Yang Taijiquan.

Da shou or striking hands is the mother to Tui Shou. It is a no-nonsense striking training used in Yang Family Taiji brought to us through Yang Shouzhong. He was first son of Yang Chen fu. Second son Yang Zhenjie also taught these. Since testing vs. other schools, da shou is less friendly, tui shou was created to make a friendlier way to test people. Here I am showing Brian some of the patterns for the first time. He didn’t do bad, it is just very new info to him. You will see some similarities to other martial arts from southern china like Wing Chun, JKD, or even Kali. more on Da Shou in Chinese martial arts.

For actual fighting, these methods are used fast and quickly, no standing and sticking around. Partner wise/training wise, it is trained in a compliant way, it trains attack and defense, with countering. It can become a fun game.
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San Shou: starting with training the hands. Fundamental Boxing.

Teaching Brian first level of San shou: hand techniques. We teach boxing for this and teach it “slow and exact”. he will have to do the following for a few months before I show him the next level of basics. It becomes very internal doing it very slowly with awareness and becomes non-dualistic in regards to thinking boxing as a “external’ arts. we want our boxing to be (internal+ external+ qi power)this equates to = real impact power.

3 month Assignment:
*get a mini timer and do each to 3 min. rounds:
1. 3 rounds step-jab forward, jab step back.
2. 3 rounds Cross- no stepping.
3. 3 rounds Lead hook- no stepping.
4. 3 rounds Body shots- no stepping.
5. 3 rounds Upper cut- level changing, no stepping.
6. 9 rounds 5 element stepping (left, right, back, forward variations). one step. 3 rounds 2-step. 3 rounds 3-step 3 rounds.
7. 6 rounds Box stepping. clockwise 3x. counter-clock wise 3x.
8. 3 rounds spot stepping.
9. 3 rounds shadow boxing. moving round and angles, breathing practice.

Get a friend to hold a focus mitt as well. You are only as good as basics, so drill them deeply.
Goal in a few months time: get the basic punches down with good concentration and mechanics, each about 10,000 times. Proper structural integrity with crisp speed and power.
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Boxing club workout

Boxing with a golden gloves boxer who has been training since 10 years old. This is more toward the end of our workout with consisted of running, jump rope rounds, shadow boxing rounds, heavy bag rounds, focus mitt rounds, glove work, lastly sparring. It is very hot in the room and I was pretty exhausted. I hope to get more sparring footage soon.

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TCM: Meridian Therapy

Pathways in which qi and blood of the human body are circulated. Pertain to Zang-fu organs interiorly and extend over the body exteriorly, forming a network and linking the tissues and organs into a organic whole.

Jinglou-
Jing- meridians- the main trunk, run longitudinally and interior within the body.
Lou- collateral- represent branches of the meridians, run transversely and superficially from the meridians.

System of meridians and collateral’s:
12 regular
8 extraordinary
15 collateral
12 deep/divergent
12 tendon/muscle regions
12 cutaneous regions

12 regular merdians
Yin of hand:
Lung of hand tai yin
Pericardium of hand- jeuyin
Heart of hand- shao yin
Yang of Hand:
Large intestine- yang ming
Sanjiao of hand- shaoyang
Small intestine of hand- tai yang
Yang of Foot:
Stomach of foot- yangming
Gall bladder- shaoyang
Bladder- taiyang
Yin of Foot:
Spleen- taiyin
Liver- jueyin
Kidney- shaoyin

8 extra meridians- control, store, and regulate qi and blood.
Du mei- sea of yang meridians.
Ren mei- sea of yin meridians
Chong mei- sea of 12 meridians, also sea of blood (female).
Dai mei- belt meridian.
Yang qiao- heel
Yin qiao- heel and lower legs.
Yang wei- connects yang netork.
Yin wei- connects yin network.

12 divergent- run deep and govern inside of body
12 muscle regions- conduits which distribute qi and blood of the main meridian to nourish muscles.
12 cutaneous- superficial skin layers, site where qi and blood of the meridian transfers to body surface.
15 Lou (collaterals) – branches of the regular channels.- shallow acupuncture, cupping, moxa, pricking, 7 star needle, bleeding.

Circulation of qi- every 26-28 minutes, 60+x a day.
Times when meridians are strongest:
3am to 5 am- lung meridian
5am to 7am-large intestine.
7am-9am- stomach
9am-11am-spleen
11am-1pm- heart
1pm-3pm-small intestine
3pm to 5pm-bladder
5pm-7pm- kidney
7pm-9pm- pericardium
9pm to 11pm- sanjiao
11pm-1am gall bladder.
1am to 3am- liver

12 meridians

Taiyin and Yangming meridians:
1. Lung meridian of Hand Taiyin- middle burning space to the tip of the thumb.
2. Large intestine meridian of Hand Yangming- tip of thumb and small finger to large intestine.
3. Stomach meridian of Foot-Yangming- from middle of nose to the middle of foot.
4. Spleen meridian of foot- Taiyin. From the great toe to the lower part of tongue.

Shaoyin and Taiyang meridians:
5. Heart meridian of the hand Shaoyin- from the heart to the inside of the little finger.
6. Small Intestines meridian of the hand Taiyin- from the little finger to the small intestines.
7. Bladder meridian of the Foot Taiyang- from the inner corner of eye to the little toe.
8. Kidney meridian of Foot shaoyin- from the little toe to the root of the tongue.

Jueyin and Shaoyang meridians:
9. Pericardium of the hand Jueyin- from the middle of the stomach to the top of middle finger.
10. San Jiao of hand Shaoyang- from the tip of the little finger to the 3 burning places.
11. Gall Bladder of the Foot shaoyang- from the outer angles of the eye to the little toes.
12. Liver meridian of the foot Jueyin- from the hairy spot of big toe to the vertex of the head.

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Collaterals/Luo’s
Lieque- LU 7
Gongsun- SP 4
Fenglong- ST 40
Pianli- LI 6
Tongli- HT 5
Zhizheng- SI 7
Feiyang- BL 58
Dazhong- KI 4
Neiquan- PC 6
Waiguan- TW 5
Guangming- GB 37
Ligou- LV 5
Jiuwei- CV 15
Changqiang- GV 1
Da Bao- SP 21
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Xianhao Cheng: Philadelphia PA area teacher.

This article was originally written in late 1998.

Xianhao Cheng
Xianhao

It is interesting to know that among the many practitioners of Taijiquan (Grand Ultimate boxing) Gong Fu (skill gained through time and hard effort) that have come to America from Mainland China, none have impressed me as much as Xianhao. Interested in the American practitioners, Xianhao is determined to help bring a higher understanding of the art to better clarify the meaning of the Taiji principles into our physical culture. As a Doctor of Oceanography at Old Dominion University in Norfolk, Virginia, (now in Philadelphia PA) Xianhao actively pursuits his scientific responsibilities while, maintaining his passion inherited from his Taiji masters. Quality of teaching is preferred to quantity of students at this present time, giving Xianhao the ability to discern closely what is needed to improve the students’ needs for correct practice.

Born in 1955 in Hangzhou, mainland China, he began martial arts at the age of 20. His first teacher was Song Geng Yu. Song Geng Yu was a member of the first Zhejiang Wushu Team, after the cultural revolution. Xianhao learned from him the Shaolin Chang Chuan or long-fist.

Four years later, he began to study Taiji in the parks of Hangzhou surrounded by many practitioners and teachers of the art. There he became interested in the oldest style of Taiji, Chen Style, and the push-hands method, Tui Shou. From this base he was able to meet with the real Taiji people who were non-public about their Tui Shou. Being interested in deepening his skills, Xianhao was initiated by some of the rarest teachers available at the time.

There are many Taiji players in the parks of mainland China, but only a handful really have a passion for the higher level skills. He really doesn’t associate with the public level of teaching, but finds great interest in the “underground” practitioners, who rarely let themselves be known. He mentions these people do not want to be bothered and will never be seen in the parks.
He learned many forms, among them: a 13 wudang taiji postures , Wudang sword style, and Taiji stick. He has had the opportunity to have meet teachers who trace back to Yang Jian Hao and Yang Shao Hao. This is a smaller circle, Taijiquan. Again I’d like to mention that these Taiji people prefer to be anonymous, rather than having their names published.

It was through Master Zhu Liang Fang, a fifth generation practitioner of Yang’s Taijiquan, a disciple of Jiang Yu Kueng that Xianhao’s Taiji began to flourish. Jiang Yu Kueng (fourth generation) was quite fortunate to have been a part of Yang Chen Fu’s teaching in Nan Jin Chinese Central Martial arts Academy in 1930-34. Jiang Yu Kueng was given inner student teachings. Thus becoming famous in China for his abilities fighting placing in competition for his Lao shir (respectable master) Yang Chen Fu. He graduating from the academy, where the students were very eminent in martial arts. Most of them ended up becoming famous martial arts instructors in China.

Zhu Liang Feng with Jiang Yu Kueng
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It is through this master that the foundation of Xianhao’s background was laid. With this base he was able to meet the non-public Tui Shou masters. Among his valued possession he keeps an original picture of Yang Chen Fu, given to him from his master, and an original copy of Yang Chen Fu’s book, The Art of Tai Chi Chuan.

The long form that Xianhao demonstrates is very alive and successfully unifies every teaching into his movements. Unlike the stiff and dead movements executed, it is very circular, organic, rounded, low, soft, and flexible. As he moves, his internal energy, or jing, is always calmly aware, while remaining hidden, much like a cat ready to pounce. I have studied with many Taiji masters in the past few years, who are licensed by the Chinese government. Their specialties include compulsory routines for competition. They teach in methods that require the student to fulfill the standards of that particular routine and the rules for competition. The flavor and appeal of competition forms is much different.

Xianhao’s routine’s combines different points of attention based on push hands and combat knowledge, containing coiling, pulsating spirals far from the robotic compulsory movements. His movements show the variety of circles inherent in the Yang, Chen and Wu styles as if giving reverence for the families of Taiji. His form is full of Yang knowledge, chi, and it blends with Tao, in his own special way much like how we each write our name, uniquely. His genuine display can never be truly mimicked because it’s at a level of true understanding of the function.

This is an excellent example for us to humble ourselves to be willing to progress ever upward, the true meaning of gong fu. He has gone to great lengths and extreme depth in his research of chin-na (grappling), combat applications, push hands, and throwing techniques, or shuai jiao. Living Gong Fu is exemplified in the way Xianhao carries himself to his students in an open and compassionate way.

Links to teachings from Xianhao:
Translation of health functions of Taijiquan
Article on Peng Jing
Hangzhou version of Ba Duan Jin
Empty and full in Taijiquan
Yang Taijiquan applications
Taiji straight sword basics
Saber long form

Xianhao’s teaching style is not based on talk, but practice. It is emphasized that it’s up to the student whether they want to learn. A real gong fu is developed when there is a close and friendly relationship with sifu, a long term relationship is valued because it is relaxed and most suitable for learning. The seriousness of lessons received are worthy of informally establishing a sense of humbleness in the heart and mind towards Xianhao, his teacher, and the respected lineage. Becoming a close student will enable the student in modern times to gain the knowledge of the meridians of acupuncture, pressure points through massage, and herbal remedies to help the “good,” while the martial art dispel the “bad pathogens.” Xianhao is truly a teacher who can train you to calm oneself mentally and physically allowing the Taijiquan to function consistently and harmoniously with the will.

The Teachings-
Motto of Yongnian: Diligence, Perseverance, Respect, Sincerity.
Xianhao has a well-developed program covering all the essentials for progress.

The eight posture warm-ups Xianhao teaches was created by Yang Chen Fu for people as a gymnastic-like sport using taiji motions, calisthenics which are a little demanding yet strengthening.
Warm-up

Taiji Qigong is then introduced to allow the student to hone into chi feeling and then cultivate it further.
The next step is the 40 form compulsory of the Yang style.
40 yang

Advanced students then continue onto the 54 sword form ,then graduate up to the Long form.
Yang Straight Sword

Xianhao is one of the few masters in America that teaches the Yang style spear form and the long Yang broadsword form learned from his sifu in Hangzhou.

Eventually Push Hands drills are slowly introduced beginning with single, double hand techniques, fixed step, moving step, then fa jing lessons.
Push hands

Essential points of attention for push hands mentioned by Xianhao:
1. Don’t give up 30%
2. Be soft and Flexible
3. Empty, sink. turn
4. Apply jing to wrist and turn
5. Soft to hard, hard to soft, soft to emptiness interchangeably.

The three Jings:
Chang Jing - described as a long, silent and gentle energy. When applied the opponent is unaware, they’re off balanced. This energy is not designed to hurt people.
Duan Jing – a sudden and whip-like energy, it is relaxed and can hurt the opponent.
Ling Jing – cold energy, it is a hurting type of energy that is not easily noticed. It is sudden, shocking, and penetrates deep into the internal organs.

After the student grasps the previous concepts the introduction to Traditional Straight sword and the 108 Long form are taught, as well as other supplementary forms and Da Lu.

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SCM: Sa Sang Constitutional Medicine of Korea

Originated with Lee Che-ma in 1894

Classifies all humans into 4 types of constitution and presents custom made treatments and medication according to different constitution of an individual.

Taeyang- large lungs, small liver.
Taeum- weak lungs, large liver.
Soyang- strong digestion, weak urogenital.
Soum- weak digestion, large urogental.

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TCM: Case Study Outline: Clinical Observation

(to be continued) incomplete

Abstract
Chief Complaint (CC)
History of Present Illness (HPI)
Past Medical History (PMI)
Review of Systems (ROS)
Examination
Assessment
Treatment
Prognosis

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